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Table 3 Selected Predictors according to Sasang Types

From: Sasang constitutional types for the risk prediction of metabolic syndrome: a 14-year longitudinal prospective cohort study

  TE SE SY
Age 1.03 (1.02, 1.04)   1.04 (1.03, 1.05)
Women 2.13 (1.70, 2.67) 4.65 (2.17, 9.99) 3.42 (2.51, 4.65)
Body Mass Index 1.12 (1.09, 1.15)   1.12 (1.08, 1.17)
Education
  ≤ 9 years Reference   
  > 9 years 0.78 (0.65, 0.94)   
Income, won
  < 2 × 106    
 2 ~ 4 × 106    
  > 4 × 106    
Smoking
 Never smoker Reference Reference Reference
 Past smoker 1.05 (0.82, 1.34) 0.69 (0.23, 2.11) 1.05 (0.74, 1.48)
 Current smoker 1.62 (1.29, 2.03) 1.90 (0.88, 4.08) 1.78 (1.31, 2.42)
Alcohol drinking
 Non-drinker Reference   Reference
 Light (0-15 g/day) 1.17 (1.01, 1.36)   0.97 (0.78, 1.22)
 Moderate (15–30 g/day) 0.88 (0.68, 1.13)   1.43 (1.02, 2.01)
 Heavy (>30 g/day) 1.35 (1.07, 1.69)   1.25 (0.88, 1.80)
Physical activity, MET-hours    
Total-cholesterol, mg/dl    1.01 (1.00, 1.01)
C-reactive protein, mg/dl    
Fasting glucose, mg/dl 1.01 (1.01, 1.01) 1.03 (1.02, 1.05) 1.01 (1.01, 1.02)
HDL-cholesterol, mg/dl 0.96 (0.95, 0.97) 0.96 (0.93, 0.98) 0.95 (0.94, 0.96)
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 1.03 (1.02, 1.03) 1.04 (1.02, 1.06) 1.02 (1.01, 1.03)
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 1.01 (0.99, 1.02) 1.01 (0.98, 1.04) 1.02 (1.01, 1.04)
Triglyceride, mg/dl 1.00 (1.00, 1.00) 1.01 (1.00, 1.01) 1.00 (1.00, 1.00)
  1. Significant predictors were selected with a forward selection method. The risks for metabolic syndrome were estimated in HR (95% CIs) that was Hazard Ratio (HR) and 95% Confidence Intervals (CIs)