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Table 2 Risk Prediction Models of the Sasang Constitution (n = 3529)

From: Sasang constitutional types for the risk prediction of metabolic syndrome: a 14-year longitudinal prospective cohort study

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Sasang type
 TE     2.03 (1.63, 2.54)
 SY     1.33 (1.07, 1.65)
 SE     Reference
 Age 1.04 (1.03, 1.04) 1.04 (1.03, 1.04) 1.03 (1.02, 1.04) 1.03 (1.02, 1.04)
 Women 1.39 (1.18, 1.65) 1.39 (1.18, 1.64) 2.54 (2.13, 3.03) 2.55 (2.14, 3.04)
Body Mass Index 1.20 (1.18, 1.22) 1.19 (1.17, 1.21) 1.17 (1.15, 1.19) 1.11 (1.09, 1.14)
Education
  ≤ 9 years Reference Reference Reference Reference
  > 9 years 0.86 (0.74, 1.00) 0.84 (0.72, 0.98) 0.85 (0.73, 0.99) 0.83 (0.71, 0.97)
Income, won
  < 2 × 106 1.07 (0.89, 1.29) 1.09 (0.91, 1.32) 1.08 (0.90, 1.31) 1.12 (0.93, 1.35)
 2 ~ 4 × 106 0.94 (0.78, 1.13) 0.95 (0.79, 1.15) 1.00 (0.83, 1.21) 1.03 (0.85, 1.24)
  > 4 × 106 Reference Reference Reference Reference
Smoking
 Never smoker Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Past smoker 1.09 (0.90, 1.32) 1.07 (0.88, 1.30) 1.01 (0.83, 1.23) 1.01 (0.83, 1.23)
 Current smoker 1.52 (1.28, 1.80) 1.50 (1.26, 1.79) 1.70 (1.42, 2.03) 1.67 (1.40, 1.99)
Alcohol drinking
 Non-drinker Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Light (0-15 g/d) 1.01 (0.90, 1.14) 1.01 (0.89, 1.13) 1.09 (0.97, 1.24) 1.06 (0.94, 1.20)
 Moderate (15–30 g/d) 1.08 (0.89, 1.31) 1.08 (0.89, 1.31) 1.09 (0.90, 1.33) 1.04 (0.86, 1.27)
 Heavy (>30 g/d) 1.30 (1.08, 1.56) 1.28 (1.07, 1.54) 1.36 (1.13, 1.65) 1.32 (1.09, 1.60)
Physical activity, MET-hours 1.00 (1.00, 1.00) 1.00 (1.00, 1.00) 1.00 (1.00, 1.00) 1.00 (1.00, 1.00)
Total-cholesterol, mg/dl   1.00 (1.00, 1.00) 1.00 (1.00, 1.01) 1.00 (1.00, 1.01)
C-reactive protein, mg/dl 1.07 (0.95, 1.21) 1.05 (0.92, 1.20) 1.05 (0.92, 1.20)
Fasting glucose, mg/dl   1.01 (1.01, 1.02) 1.01 (1.01, 1.02)
HDL-cholesterol, mg/dl 0.95 (0.95, 0.96) 0.95 (0.95, 0.96)
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 1.02 (1.02, 1.03) 1.02 (1.02, 1.03)
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 1.01 (1.00, 1.02) 1.01 (1.00, 1.02)
Triglyceride, mg/dl 1.00 (1.00, 1.00) 1.00 (1.00, 1.00)
Area Under the Curve (AUC) 0.7269 0.7288 0.8105 0.8173
p-value for the area under the ROC curve <0.001 <0.001 0.001 Reference
  1. The risks for metabolic syndrome were estimated in HR (95% CIs) that was Hazard Ratio (HR) and 95% Confidence Intervals (CIs)