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Table 2 Self-practice or use of CAM

From: General perception and self-practice of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) among undergraduate pharmacy students of Bangladesh

Item Response Year of study (%) Total (%) p-value
1st 2nd 3rd 4th   
Use of CAM Yes 87 92 92 90 90 0.49
No 13 8 8 10 10
Type of CAM used
 Meditation Yes 27 38 32 15 29 0.167
No 73 62 68 85 71
 Spirituality Yes 11 3 0 0 4 0.017*#
No 89 97 100 100 96
 Homeopathy Yes 56 55 65 60 59 0.678
No 44 45 35 40 41
 Ayurveda Yes 27 32 30 31 30 0.943
No 73 68 70 69 70
 Unani Yes 11 12 5 8 9 0.459
No 89 88 95 92 91
 Acupuncture Yes 3 2 2 2 2 0.905
No 97 98 98 98 98  
 Massage Yes 21 12 11 4 13 0.067
No 79 88 89 96 83
 Hypnosis Yes 2 0 2 2 2 0.949#
No 98 0 98 98 98
 Yoga Yes 6 8 8 0 6 0.504#
No 94 92 92 100 94
 Other   3 0 0 2 1 -
Purpose of using CAM
 Severe disease Yes 34 18 32 8 24 0.005*
No 66 82 69 92 76
 Common cold & flu Yes 23 46 33 38 35 0.046*
No 77 54 68 62 65
 Pain & inflammation Yes 34 26 43 27 33 0.176
No 66 74 57 73 67
 Cost effectiveness Yes 10 12 21 21 16 0.220
No 90 88 79 79 84
 Easy availability Yes 24 28 27 17 24 0.538
No 76 72 73 83 76
 Other   3 2 0 17 5 -
Effectiveness of result Yes 92 98 90 85 92 0.081
No 8 2 10 15 8
Recommending CAM Yes 92 94 90 77 90 0.026*
No 8 6 10 23 10
Adverse effect Yes 18 12 11 10 13 0.628
No 82 88 89 90 87
  1. *P < 0.05 was considered as significant; #for zero cells Yates correction has been conducted