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Table 4 Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) of factors independently associated with the use of CAM, stratified by no coronary heart disease (CHD) but family risk group

From: Prevalence and predictors of complementary and alternative medicine use among people with coronary heart disease or at risk for this in the sixth Tromsø study: a comparative analysis using protection motivation theory

  CHD (n = 466)* No CHD but family risk (n = 3360)* No CHD nor family risk (n = 3838)*
  OR 95% CI p-value OR 95% CI p-value OR 95% CI p-value
Age 0.98 0.96–1.01 0.235 0.99 0.98–0.99 0.013 1.00 0.99–1.00 0.430
Sexa)
 2.23 1.18 0.72–1.92 0.517 2.30 1.96–2.70 2.23 2.23 1.92–2.59 < 0.001
Marital statusa)
 1.00 1.00 --- 0.319 1.00 --- 1.00 1.00 --- 0.488
 0.99 0.76 0.28–2.07 0.594 1.07 0.72–1.61 0.99 0.99 0.66–1.48 0.941
 1.03 0.66 0.32–1.36 0.261 1.14 0.80–1.64 1.03 1.03 0.71–1.50 0.861
 1.0 1.13 0.50–2.57 0.766 1.12 0.76–1.66 1.0 1.0 0.79–1.77 0.408
Incomea)
 1.0 1.0 --- 0.597 1.0 --- 1.0 1.0 --- 0.313
 1.17 1.56 0.62–3.51 0.325 1.07 0.85–1.66 1.17 1.17 0.91–1.52 0.220
 1.13 1.46 0.67–3.21 0.344 1.27 0.39–0.92 1.13 1.13 0.95–1.34 0.156
Self-rated health 0.72 0.52–0.99 0.044 0.78 0.69–0.88 0.000 0.80 0.72–0.90 < 0.001
Health behavior index 1.12 1.05–1.20 0.001 1.12 1.09–1.14 0.000 1.10 1.07–1.12 0.001
Preventive health beliefs 1.00 0.85–1.17 0.971 1.09 1.01–1.17 0.019 1.07 1.00–1.14 0.056
Future health beliefs 0.99 0.84–1.18 0.944 0.91 0.85–0.98 0.008 0.90 0.85–0.96 0.002
  1. * Note: N’s adjusted by list wise deletion. a)Reference categories were male, single and low income