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Table 1 Basic characteristics of the participants

From: Prevalence and predictors of complementary and alternative medicine use among people with coronary heart disease or at risk for this in the sixth Tromsø study: a comparative analysis using protection motivation theory

  CHD (n = 830*) Family risk (n = 4830*) No CHD nor Risk (n = 5443*) p-value
  % (n) % (n) % (n)  
Mean age 68.46 57.07 54.67 < 0.001^
Gender     < 0.001*
 Men 65.5 (552) 41.9 (2022) 48.7 (2653)  
 Women 33.5 (278) 58.1 (2808) 51.3 (2790)  
Marital status     < 0.001*
 Single 8.1 (67) 17.2 (829) 20.8 (1134)  
 Married 62.9 (522) 60.4 (2917) 58.4 (3179)  
 Separated/divorced 14.1 (117) 15.1 (728) 14.1 (766)  
 Widowed 14.9 (124) 7.4 (356) 6.7 (363)  
Living with a spouse/partner     0.002*
 Yes 72.0 (581) 75.1 (3541) 77.1 (4070)  
 No 28.0 (226) 24.9 (1172) 22.9 (1209)  
Self-reported health    0.000a  
 Bad 12.2 (100) 4.8 (231) 4.4 (240)  
 Neither good nor bad 47.1 (385) 27.6 (1324) 25.0 (1352)  
 Good 40.7 (333) 67.6 (3246) 70.6 (3818)  
Education     < 0.001*
 Low 44.5 (362) 26.5 (1267) 24.1 (1298)  
 Middle 32.5 (264) 35.2 (1686) 32.1 (1730)  
 High 23.0 (187) 38.3 (1831) 43.8 (2360)  
Income     < 0.001*
 Low 45.3 (340) 22.7 (1034) 19.2 (980)  
 Middle 45.8 (344) 50.9 (2315) 50.7 (2586)  
 High 8.9 (67) 26.4 (1201) 30.1 (1533)  
  1. *Pearson’s Chi-Square test
  2. ^One-way ANOVA test