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Table 1 Names, plant parts and Traditional usage of herbs investigated

From: Antibacterial activity of crude extracts of some South African medicinal plants against multidrug resistant etiological agents of diarrhoea

Plant Name Common name Plant part Traditional usage References
Acacia mearnsii De Wild. Family: Leguminosae Blackwood Black Wattle Bark Diarrhoea, dysentery, sore throat, coughs, children fever, tooth ache [35]
Aloe arborescens Family: Xanthorrhoeaceae Aloe Leaves Vomiting, Skin ailments, diarrhoea, urinary complaints, rheumatism, tuberculosis [35, 62]
Aloe striata Family: Xanthorrhoeaceae Aloe Leaves Treatment of constipation [63]
Cyathula uncinulata (Schrad.) Schinz Family: Amaranthaceae NA Leaves Antidiarrhoea, philter or medicine for love [64]
Eucomis autumnalis (Mill.) Chitt. Family: Asparagaceae Common Pineapple Flower Bulb Decoctions of bulb and roots for colic, flatulence [65]
Eucomis comosa (Houtt.) Wehrh. Family: Asparagaceae Pineapple lily Bulb Help teething in children and to treat rheumatism [66]
Hermbstaedtia odorata Wild Cockscomb Family: Amaranthaceae Rooi-aarbossie Leaves Cleansing stomach wash alone or with Acaccia xanthophloea and Cappa [35]
Hydnora africana Thunb. Family: Hydnoraceae Warty Jackal Food, Jakkalskos Kanip Tuber Diarrhoea, plant dried ground raw for dysentery, amenorrhoea, swollen glands [66]
Hypoxis colchicifolia Baker. Family: Hypoxidaceae African potato Tuber Headaches, dizziness, mental disorders, to treat cancers, inflammation, HIV, diarrhoea [67, 68]
Pelargonium sidoides DC. Family: Geraniaceae Rose-scented Pelargonium Root Gonorrhoea, diarrhoea, dysentery, root decoction severe diarrhoea, stomach ailment in children [35]
Psidium guajava L. Family: Myrtaceae Guava Leaves Leaves used for diarrhoea, Infusion of leaves for bloody diarrhoea, infusion as enema for severe diarrhoea [35]
Schizocarphus nervosus (Burch.) van der Merwe Family: Asparagaceae White Scilla Corms Rheumatic fever, dysentery. All purpose herb. [69, 70]
  1. Key: NA not available