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Table 1 Percentages of the Exercise, Recreation and Sport Survey (ERASS) 2001–2010 sample (n = 195, 926) reporting any participation in yoga/pilates, t’ai chi/qigong, and fitness activities during the past 12-months

From: Participation trends in holistic movement practices: a 10-year comparison of yoga/Pilates and t’ai chi/qigong use among a national sample of 195,926 Australians

  Prevalence of participation in the past 12 monthsa  
  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Trend
  % (95% CI) p-value b
TOTAL SAMPLE
 Yoga/Pilates 1.5 (1.2–1.8) 3.0 (2.7–3.4) 3.1 (2.8–3.5) 3.4 (3.0–3.9) 3.4 (3.0–3.8) 3.0 (2.6–3.4) 2.8 (2.5–3.1) 3.2 (2.9–3.5) 2.8 (2.6–3.2) 3.5 (3.1–3.9) 0.175
 T’ai chi/Qigong 0.5 (0.4–0.7) 0.6 (0.4–0.8) 0.6 (0.5–0.8) 0.6 (0.5–0.8) 0.5 (0.4–0.7) 0.5 (0.4–0.6) 0.5 (0.4–0.7) 0.7 (0.6–0.9) 0.5 (0.4–0.6) 0.6 (0.5–0.7) 0.887
 Fitness 13.0 (12.2–13.7) 14.6 (13.8–15.4) 15.9 (15.2–16.8) 17.0 (16.2–17.9) 18.5 (17.6–19.4) 19.2 (18.3–20.1) 20.2 (19.4–21.0) 23.5 (22.7–24.4) 22.9 (22.0–23.7) 23.5 (22.7–24.4) <0.001
BY SEX
 Yoga/Pilates
  Males 0.4 (0.2–0.7) 0.8 (0.6–1.2) 0.6 (0.4–1.0) 0.8 (0.6–1.2) 1.0 (0.7–1.5) 0.5 (0.3–0.8) 0.8 (0.6–1.1) 0.6 (0.4–0.8) 0.5 (0.4–0.8) 0.8 (0.6–1.1) 0.864
  Females 2.5 (2.1–3.0) 5.2 (4.6–6.0) 5.5 (4.9–6.3) 6.0 (5.3–6.8) 5.7 (5.0–6.4) 5.3 (4.7–6.1) 4.7 (4.2–5.2) 5.7 (5.1–6.3) 5.1 (4.6–5.7) 6.1 (5.5–6.8) 0.146
   p-value c <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001  
 T’ai chi/Qigong
  Males 0.2 (0.1–0.3) 0.3 (0.2–0.6) 0.2 (0.1–0.4) 0.1 (0.1–0.3) 0.1 (0.1–0.3) 0.1 (0.1–0.3) 0.2 (0.1–0.4) 0.3 (0.2–0.5) 0.1 (0.0–0.2) 0.3 (0.2–0.4) 0.948
  Females 0.9 (0.7–1.2) 0.8 (0.6–1.1) 1.1 (0.8–1.4) 1.1 (0.8–1.4) 0.9 (0.7–1.2) 0.8 (0.6–1.1) 0.8 (0.6–1.1) 1.1 (0.9–1.4) 0.8 (0.7–1.0) 0.9 (0.7–1.1) 0.803
   p-value c <0.001 0.008 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001  
 Fitness
  Males 9.0 (8.1–10.0) 11.1 (10.1–12.2) 11.9 (10.9–13.0) 12.8 (11.7–14.0) 14.7 (13.5–15.9) 14.9 (13.7–16.1) 15.2 (14.1–16.3) 18.8 (17.6–20.0) 17.4 (16.2–18.6) 18.7 (17.5–19.9) <0.001
  Females 16.8 (15.7–18.0) 18.0 (16.9–19.2) 19.9 (18.8–21.1) 21.2 (20.0–22.5) 22.3 (21.1–23.5) 23.3 (22.1–24.6) 25.1 (24.0–26.2) 28.1 (26.9–29.3) 28.3 (27.1–29.5) 28.2 (27.0–29.5) <0.001
   p-value c <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001  
BY AGE
 Yoga/Pilates
  15–34 years 2.0 (1.5–2.6) 3.5 (2.8–4.3) 3.6 (2.9–4.4) 3.4 (2.7–4.3) 3.0 (2.4–3.8) 2.7 (2.1–3.5) 2.6 (2.0–3.2) 3.4 (2.8–4.1) 2.7 (2.1–3.3) 3.7 (3.0–4.6) 0.590
  35–54 years 1.5 (1.2–2.0) 3.5 (3.5–2.9) 3.4 (2.8–4.1) 4.5 (3.8–5.3) 4.4 (3.7–5.2) 3.5 (3.0–4.2) 3.5 (3.0–4.1) 4.0 (3.4–4.7) 3.4 (2.9–4.0) 4.0 (3.4–4.6) 0.182
  55+ years 0.7 (0.5–1.1) 1.8 (1.3–2.3) 2.1 (1.6–2.7) 2.0 (1.5–2.6) 2.5 (2.0–3.2) 2.6 (2.1–3.2) 2.1 (1.7–2.6) 1.8 (1.4–2.3) 2.4 (2.0–2.8) 2.7 (2.3–3.2) 0.028
   p-value c 0.001 <0.001 0.004 <0.001 <0.001 0.080 0.001 <0.001 0.020 0.020  
 T’ai chi/Qigong
  15–34 years 0.1 (0.0–0.4) 0.3 (0.2–0.6) 0.2 (0.1–0.4) 0.2 (0.1–0.5) 0.1 (0.0–0.2) 0.2 (0.1–0.6) 0.1 (0.0–0.3) 0.2 (0.1–0.4) 0.0 (0.0–0.1) 0.0 (0.0–0.1) 0.025
  35–54 years 0.5 (0.3–0.7) 0.5 (0.3–0.8) 0.5 (0.3–0.8) 0.6 (0.4–0.9) 0.4 (0.2–0.6) 0.2 (0.1–0.4) 0.3 (0.1–0.4) 0.5 (0.3–0.7) 0.2 (0.1–0.4) 0.3 (0.2–0.6) 0.047
  55+ years 1.2 (0.8–1.7) 1.0 (0.7–1.4) 1.4 (1.4–1.9) 1.2 (0.9–1.7) 1.2 (0.9–1.7) 1.1 (0.9–1.5) 1.3 (1.0–1.7) 1.7 (1.3–2.2) 1.3 (1.0–1.6) 1.4 (1.1–1.8) 0.092
   p-value c <0.001 0.008 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001  
 Fitness
  15–34 years 17.0 (15.6–18.6) 19.7 (18.1–21.3) 19.6 (18.1–21.2) 22.8 (21.1–24.6) 24.0 (22.3–25.8) 23.4 (21.6–25.3) 23.7 (22.1–25.3) 27.3 (25.7–29.1) 27.2 (25.4–29.1) 27.2 (25.3–29.1) <0.001
  35–54 years 12.2 (11.1–13.4) 13.9 (12.7–15.1) 15.1 (13.8–16.4) 14.9 (13.7–16.2) 17.9 (16.6–19.3) 19.6 (18.2–21.0) 21.1 (19.9–22.4) 24.4 (23.1–25.8) 24.0 (22.8–25.4) 25.1 (23.8–26.5) <0.001
  55+ years 8.1 (7.1–9.2) 8.8 (7.8–10.0) 12.3 (11.0–13.6) 12.4 (11.2–13.6) 12.3 (11.1–13.5) 13.7 (12.5–15.0) 15.2 (14.0–16.4) 18.0 (16.7–19.3) 16.6 (15.5–17.7) 17.7 (16.7–18.8) <0.001
   p-value c <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001  
  1. aPrevalence of respondents who reported participating at least once in the last 12 months
  2. b p-value for linear regression analysis over time (2001–2010)
  3. c p-value for chi-square test of the difference between categories