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Table 3 Improvement

From: Results from a clinical yoga program for veterans: yoga via telehealth provides comparable satisfaction and health improvements to in-person yoga

  Total In-Person Telehealth In-Person vs. Telehealth
  Improved/Total % (95% CI) p 33% Improved/Total % (95% CI) Improved/Total % (95% CI) ∆% χ2 p
Back pain 34/41 83 (71–95) <.001** 14/16 88 (69–100) 19/23 83 (66–99) −.05 0.17 1.00
Other pain 46/52 88 (79–97) <.001** 18/22 82 (64–99) 25/27 93 (82–100) .11 1.31 .39
Headaches 14/24 58 (37–80) .01* 9/11 82 (54–100) 5/11 45 (10–81) −.36 3.14 .18
Upset stomach 13/20 65 (42–88) .00* 5/8 63 (19–100) 7/11 64 (30–98) .01 0.00 1.00
Constipation or diarrhea 6/19 32 (09–55) .54 5/10 5 (12–87) 1/8 13 (0–42) −.38 2.81 .09
Trouble falling asleep 17/30 57 (38–75) .007* 8/15 53 (24–81) 7/12 58 (26–91) .05 0.07 1.00
Trouble staying asleep 19/35 54 (37–72) .008* 7/16 44 (16–71) 10/16 63 (36–89) .19 1.13 .29
Energy level 38/45 84 (73–95) <.001** 17/20 85 (68–100) 18/22 82 (64–99) −.03 0.08 1.00
Feeling irritable 27/35 77 (63–92) <.001** 11/16 69 (43–94) 13/16 81 (60–100) .13 0.67 .69
Angry outburts 18/30 60 (41–79) .002** 9/16 56 (28–83) 8/12 67 (35–98) .10 0.31 .71
Difficulty concentrating 26/36 72 (57–88) <.001** 13/18 72 (49–95) 11/15 73 (48–99) .01 0.01 1.00
Depression 34/42 81 (69–93) <.001** 14/19 74 (51–95) 18/20 90 (76–100) .16 1.76 .24
Anxiety 32/39 82 (69–95) <.001** 16/20 80 (60–99) 14/16 88 (69–100) .08 0.36 .67
Feeling jumpy or easily startled 21/33 64 (46–81) <.001** 10/16 63 (35–89) 9/14 64 (36–93) .02 0.01 1.00
Repeated, disturbing memories 19/31 61 (43–79) .001** 10/16 63 (35–89) 7/12 58 (26–91) −.04 0.05 1.00
Other 8/11 73 (41–10) <.001** 5/8 63 (19–100) 0/1 - −.63 1.07 1.00
  1. * p < .05; ** p < .003