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Table 3 Chemical compounds of Cymbopogon plurinodis leaf

From: Phytomedical assessment of two Cymbopogon species found in Nkonkobe Municipality: toxicological effect on human Chang liver cell line

GC peak number Phyto-compounds Rt (mins) Area % Library quality match (%) Chemical formulas
1 2-Hexenal 3.33 0.02 98 C6H12O
2 Heptanal 3.68 0.01 95 C7H14O
3 3-Carene 3.93 0.02 94 C10H16
4 α-Pinene 4.01 0.44 94 C10H16
5 Camphene 4.15 0.65 96 C10H16
6 Benzaldehyde 4.22 0.02 95 C7H6O
7 β-Phellandrene 4.32 0.05 87 C10H16
8 β-Myrcene 4.42 4.73 91 C10H16
9 2-Carene 4.56 12.6 94 C10H16
10 (+)-4-Carene 4.68 0.18 96 C10H16
11 D-Limonene 4.78 3.65 97 C10H16
12 β-Ocimene 4.86 0.05 97 C10H16
13 1-Octanol 5.01 0.08 68 C8H18O
14 4-Nonanol 5.05 0.25 83 C9H20O
15 6-Undecanol 5.17 0.11 53 C11H24O
16 Linalyl acetate 5.28 1.02 97 C12H20O2
17 Carveol 5.44 0.01 42 C10H16O
18 2-Cyclohexen-1-ol 5.67 1.19 95 C5H10O
19 3-Tetradecyn-1-ol 5.73 0.02 51 C14H26O
20 Camphor 5.76 0.01 94 C10H16O
21 Geraniol 5.82 0.05 93 C10H18O
22 1,3,5-Cycloheptadiene 5.88 0.16 53 C7H10
23 endo-Borneol 5.91 0.05 95 C10H18O
24 Benzenamine,3-ethoxy 5.96 0.14 43 C6H7NO
25 α-Terpineol 6.07 1.38 87 C10H18O
26 N-(2-Methyl-propenyl)-pyrrolidin-2-one 6.12 1.63 43 n/a
27 Photocitral B 6.46 0.01 49 C10H16O
28 3-Cyclohexen-1-ol 6.64 13.58 97 C6H10O
29 Bornyl acetate 6.79 0.24 98 C12H20O2
30 Hexanoic acid 6.84 0.06 52 C6H12O2
31 Furan 6.98 0.03 52 C4H4O
32 9-Hexadecenoic acid 7.06 0.01 35 C16H30O2
33 α-Ionone 7.19 0.48 91 C13H20O
34 3-Nonen-1-ol 7.27 0.04 87 C9H18O
35 Geranyl acetate 7.34 0.02 91 C12H20O2
36 Epizonarene 7.40 0.07 95 C15H24
37 Cycloheptane, 4-methylene-1-methyl-2-(2-methyl-1-propen-1-vinyl 7.49 0.10 50 n/a
38 Nephthalene 7.62 0.12 78 C10H8
39 Caryophyllene 7.80 1.32 99 C15H24
40 α-Guaiene 7.85 0.31 38 C15H24
41 Isoledene 7.93 0.10 97 C15H24
42 2,3-Octanedione 7.97 0.23 58 C8H14O2
43 Humulene 8.01 0.29 97 C15H24
44 β-Coapaene 8.06 0.17 93 C15H24
45 Alloaromadendrene 8.10 0.75 80 C15H24
46 4-epi-cubedol 8.38 2.22 99 C15H26O
47 γ-Muurolene 8.47 0.95 43 C15H24
48 Cycloprop (e) azulene 8.50 0.83 70 C10H8
49 Nerolidol 2 8.60 13.6 91 C15H26O
50 Trifluoroacetyl-α- fenchol 8.79 0.94 87 n/a
51 Caryophyllene oxide 8.87 0.83 94 C15H24O
52 Ethanopentalen-4-ol 9.09 0.90 38 n/a
53 Tau-Cadinol 9.13 0.76 86 C15H26O
54 Tau-Muurolol 9.25 1.94 62 n/a
55 - Selinene 9.34 8.50 83 C15H24
56 Trans- α-Bergamotene 9.43 0.73 87 C15H24
57 Pyrazole 9.68 1.59 43 C3H4N2
58 β-Pinene 9.76 0.37 58 C10H16
59 β-Santalol 9.82 0.38 53 n/a
60 Isoaromadendrene epoxide 10.0 0.02 91 C15H24O
61 Phytol acetate 10.0 0.05 80 C22H42O2
62 Epiglobulol 10.1 0.09 41 C20H40O
63 Diethyl ether 10.2 0.01 18 C4H10O
64 Shizukanolide 11.2 0.23 44 C15H18O2
65 2-Ethylacridine 11.4 0.01 25 C15H13N
66 Heptasiloxane 11.5 0.00 38 C16H48O6Si7
67 Ester 12.2 0.01 38 C4H10O
68 Octasiloxane 13.0 0.00 87 H6OSi2
69 Cyclotrisiloxane 13.2 0.01 43 C6H18O3Si3
70 1,3,5-Hexatriene 13.5 0.05 51 C6H8
Total of compounds 81.47
Monoterpene hydrocarbon 25.49
Oxygenated monoterpenes 18.37
Sesquiterpene hydrocarbon 13.20
Oxygenated sesquiterpene 17.66
Oxygenated diterpene 0.14
Aldehydes 0.49
Fatty acids 0.09
Others 6.03