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Fig. 4 | BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Fig. 4

From: The effect of pomegranate fresh juice versus pomegranate seed powder on metabolic indices, lipid profile, inflammatory biomarkers, and the histopathology of pancreatic islets of Langerhans in streptozotocin-nicotinamide induced type 2 diabetic Sprague–Dawley rats

Fig. 4

Effect of PJ and PS on plasma pro-inflammatory cytokines levels of experimental rats. SD rats were orally administered with PJ and PS at the doses mentioned earlier for 21 days. The collected blood from the overnight fasting rats were analyzed for the measurement of inflammatory biomarkers: IL-6 a, TNF- α b, and NF-κB c. The values are means ± S.E.M. of three samples/experiments for eight rats in each group. *p˂0.05, **p˂0.01 were considered significant compared to DC; # p˂0.05, ## p˂0.01 considered as significant as compared with the normal control. ns: non-significant changes between diabetic treated groups vs. DC group after 21 days treatment

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