Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Characteristics of included research studiesa

From: Barriers to the conduct and application of research in complementary and alternative medicine: a systematic review

Author/ Year Design Country Participants/Sample size/Response rate Survey Tool used Domains of measurement
Alcantara & Leach 2015 [36] Cross-sectional study USA Chiropractors. EBASE (modified) EBP related skills
n = 500 Attitudes towards EBP
Response rate = 32.4%
Barriers
Bussières et al. 2015 [37] Cross-sectional study Canada Chiropractors. EBASE (modified) Attitudes towards EBP
n = 7200 Knowledge/Skills in EBP
Response rate = 7.7%
EBP training/Education
Use of EBP
Barriers to EBP
Facilitators of EBP uptake
Leach & Gillham 2011 [50] Cross-sectional study Australia CAM practitioners. EBASE Attitude towards EBP
n = 400 Knowledge/Skills in EBP
Response rate = 36%
EBP training/Education
Use of EBP
Sources of Information used to inform clinical decisions
Barriers to EBP
Facilitators of EBP uptake
Roecker et al. 2013 [53] Cross-sectional study USA Chiropractors. EBASE (modified) Skill level in EBP
n = 309 Extent of EBP in clinical practice within the last month
Response rate = 48%
Sources of information to inform clinical practice
Barriers to EBP in clinical practice
Schneider et al. 2015 [51] Cross-sectional study USA Chiropractors. EBASE (modified) EBP Training /Education
n = 30,000 Attitudes towards EBP
Response rate = 4.4%
Skills in EBP
Use of EBP
Barriers to EBP
Facilitators of EBP uptake
Tilburt et al. 2009 [52] Cross-sectional study USA Acupuncturists, naturopaths, internists and rheumatologists. Self-administered questionnaire Awareness of CAM trials
Skills to interpret research results
Attitude towards research results
n = 2400
Response rate = 65%
Walker et al. 2013 [38] Cross-sectional study Australia Chiropractors. Jett et al. questionnaire (modified) Attitudes towards EBP
n = 4378 Motivation to engage in EBP
Response rate = 13%
EBP training/Education
Using literature in clinical decision-making
Availability and ability to access information
Barriers to EBP
Wardle & Adams 2013 [34] Descriptive research Australia CAM practitioners. N/A Review of grants awarded by NHMRC towards CAM research
  1. EBASE Evidence-based practice attitude and utilization survey
  2. aExcludes opinion publications as there is limited information to report