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Table 1 Respondent characteristics of CAM users and non-CAM users

From: Complementary and alternative medicine use among patients with cancer in Mongolia: a National hospital survey

Variables Total n (%) 482 (100.0) Non-CAM user n (%) 251 (52.1) CAM user n (%) 231 (47.9) P-value
Gender     0.001
 Male 174 (36.1) 108 (43) 66 (28.6)  
 Female 308 (63.9) 143 (57) 165 (71.4)  
Age     0.007
  < 55 years 287 (59.5) 135 (53.8) 152 (65.8)  
  > 55 years 195 (40.5) 116 (46.2) 79 (34.2)  
Mean age (SD) 51.8 {12.5} 53.1 {12.5} 50.2 {12.4} <0.012*
Residing area     0.792
 Urban 162 (33.6) 83 (33.1) 79 (34.2)  
 Rural 320 (66.4) 168 (66.9) 152 (65.8)  
Education level     0.012
 No education 4 (0.8) 3 (1.2) 1 (0.4)  
 Primary education 29 (6) 19 (7.6) 10 (4.3)  
 Middle/high school 281 (58.3) 157 (62.5) 124 (53.7)  
 College/university 168 (34.9) 72 (28.7) 96 (41.6)  
Household income     0.105
  < 300 275 (57.1) 152 (60.6) 123 (53.2)  
  > 300 207 (42.9) 99 (39.4) 108 (46.8)  
Self-perceived health status     0.757
 Neither good nor poor 281 (58.3) 148 (59) 133 (57.6)  
 Good 201 (41.7) 103 (41) 98 (42.4)  
Type of cancer     0.02
 Breast 75 (15.6) 32 (12.) 43 (18.6)  
 Gastrointestinal 174 (36.1) 105 (41.8) 69 (29.9)  
 Urogenital 140 (29) 73 (29.1) 67 (29)  
 Others 93 (19.3) 41 (16.4) 52 (22.5)  
Time since diagnosis     <0.001
 0–6 months 385 (66) 221 (88) 167 (71)  
 More than 6 months 97 (34) 30 (12) 64 (29)  
Conventional treatment     0.0019
 Radiotherapy 96 (19.9) 62 (24.7) 34 (14.7)  
 Chemotherapy 324 (67.2) 161 (64.1) 163 (70.6)  
 Radiochemotherapy 62 (12.9) 28 (11.2) 34 (14.7)  
Prior use of CAM     <0.001
 Yes 232 (48.1) 91 (36.2) 141 (61)  
 No 250 (51.9) 160 (63.7) 90 (39)