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Table 4 Phytochemical analysis of extracts most active on O. ochengi female worms

From: Filaricidal activities on Onchocerca ochengi and Loa loa, toxicity and phytochemical screening of extracts of Tragia benthami and Piper umbellatum

Class of compound PULmc PURhex PUShex
Saponins + +
Sterols +++ + +++
Tanins + +
Alkaloids
Flavonoids + + +
  1. +++: highly present +: Present; −: Absent.; The extracts codes are PUL mc, methylene chloride of P. umbellatum leaves, PUR hex hexane extracts of P. umbellatum roots, PUS hex hexane extract of P. umbellatum seeds