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Table 3 Minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC) of EOs (%, v/v) and their components (%, v/v) in comparison with drugs (μg/mL)

From: Liquid and vapour-phase antifungal activities of essential oils against Candida albicans and non-albicans Candida

  C.albicans (n = 26) C.glabrata (n = 10) C.tropicalis (n = 10)
MFC MFC MFC
Thyme red 0.06-0.25 0.06-0.25 0.06-0.5
Fennel 0.5- > 1 0.25- > 1 1- > 1
Clove 0.25- > 1 0.25- > 1 0.5- > 1
Pine 0.03-0.125 0.03-0.5 0.06-1
Sage >1 >1 >1
Lemon balm >1 >1 >1
Lavender >1 >1 >1
Carvacrol 0.125-1 0.25-1 0.25-1
Eugenol 0.5 0.25 0.5
Linalool 0.5 0.5 1
Linalyl acetate 1- > 1 1- > 1 1- > 1
Thymol 0.125-0.25 0.25 0.25-0.5
α-Pinene 0.5-1 0.5-1 1
Fluconazole 2 - >64 0.5 - >64 0.5- > 64
Voriconazole 0.06-8 0.12-8 0.12-8
  1. Results were obtained from 3 independent experiments performed in duplicate and expressed as modal results