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Table 2 Medical conditions of stroke patients with and without acupuncture treatment in 2000–2008

From: An investigation of the use of acupuncture in stroke patients in Taiwan: a national cohort study

  Acupuncture
No (N = 285329) Yes (N = 47832) p-value OR (95 % CI)*
Rehabilitation <0.0001   
 No 166,526 (90.7) 17,087 (9.2)   1.00 (reference)
 Yes 75,687 (74.7) 25,701 (25.3)   3.20 (3.13–3.27)
Diabetes <0.0001   
 No 172,698 (85.2) 29,983 (14.8)   1.00 (reference)
 Yes 69,515 (84.4) 12,805 (15.6)   1.00 (0.98–1.03)
Hypertension <0.0001   
 No 93,695 (86.0) 15,290 (14.0)   1.00 (reference)
 Yes 148,518 (84.4) 27,498 (15.6)   1.18 (1.15–1.21)
Hyperlipidemia <0.0001   
 No 219,658 (85.4) 37,503 (14.6)   1.00 (reference)
 Yes 22,555 (81.0) 5285 (19.0)   1.30 (1.26–1.35)
MI <0.0001   
 No 236,962 (84.9) 42,037 (15.1)   1.18 (1.09–1.28)
 Yes 5251 (87.5) 751 (12.5)   1.00 (reference)
Dialysis <0.0001   
 No 238,140 (84.9) 42,500 (15.1)   2.76 (2.45–3.13)
 Yes 4073 (93.4) 288 (6.6)   1.00 (reference)
Type of Stroke <0.0001   
 Hemorrhage 53,950 (83.4) 10,714 (16.6)   1.02 (0.96–1.08)
 Ischemia 173,573 (85.2) 30,155 (14.8)   1.21 (1.15–1.28)
 Other 14,690 (88.5) 1919 (11.6)   1.00 (reference)
LOS, days <0.0001   
 1–5 84,534 (87.4) 12,172 (12.6)   1.00 (reference)
 6–9 63,969 (85.9) 10,499 (14.1)   1.06 (1.03–1.09)
 10–14 34,261 (83.8) 6605 (16.2)   1.16 (1.12–1.20)
 15–19 16,537 (82.7) 3465 (17.5)   1.22 (1.17–1.28)
  ≥20 43,092 (81.1) 10,047 (18.9)   1.23 (1.19–1.27)
 Mean ± SD 12.8 ± 17.5 14.9 ± 17.0 <0.0001   
  1. *Logistic regression model included sociodemographics and medical conditions; Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness of fit, p-value = 0.001; c-statistic = 0.71; CI, confidence interval; LOS, length of stay; MI, myocardial infarction; OR, odds ratio