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Table 1 Comparison of sociodemographic characteristics between stroke patients with and without acupuncture treatment in 2000–2008

From: An investigation of the use of acupuncture in stroke patients in Taiwan: a national cohort study

  Acupuncture use p-value OR (95 % CI)*
No (N = 242213) Yes (N = 42788)
Sex n (%) n (%) <0.0001   
 Women 101,397 (85.5) 17,225 (14.5)   1.04 (1.01–1.06)
 Men 140,816 (84.6) 25,563 (15.4)   1.00 (reference)
Age, years <0.0001   
 20–29 1819 (83.1) 369 (16.9)   3.44 (3.04–3.89)
 30–39 5680 (78.9) 1517 (21.1)   4.05 (3.77–4.36)
 40–49 20,319 (79.3) 5298 (20.7)   3.79 (3.60–4.00)
 50–59 39,190 (79.6) 10,054 (20.4)   3.56 (3.39–3.73)
 60–69 58,684 (82.6) 12,374 (17.4)   3.05 (2.91–3.18)
 70–79 74,891 (87.8) 10,424 (12.2)   2.04 (1.95–2.13)
  ≥ 80 41,630 (93.8) 2752 (6.2)   1.00 (reference)
 Mean ± SD 67.4 ± 13.3 62.5 ± 12.5 <0.0001   
Income <0.0001   
 Very low 13,611 (86.1) 2203 (13.9)   1.00 (reference)
 Low 71,645 (85.4) 12,283 (14.6)   1.23 (1.16–1.30)
 Moderate 42,567 (84.9) 7565 (15.1)   1.31 (1.24–1.38)
 High 88,550 (87.1) 13,152 (12.9)   1.30 (1.23–1.38)
 Very high 25,840 (77.3) 7585 (22.7)   1.55 (1.47–1.65)
Occupation <0.0001   
 White collar 73,946 (82.0) 16,188 (18.0)   1.16 (1.12–1.20)
 Blue collar 115,906 (86.5) 18,067 (13.5)   1.00 (reference)
 Other 52,361 (86.0) 8533 (14.0)   1.06 (1.02–1.11)
Urbanization <0.0001   
 Low 17,323 (90.3) 1858 (9.7)   1.00 (reference)
 Moderate 93,336 (87.4) 13,509 (12.6)   1.21 (1.15–1.28)
 High 131,554 (82.8) 27,421 (17.3)   1.44 (1.37–1.52)
Density of TCM <0.0001   
 Low 64,074 (88.8) 8117 (11.2)   1.00 (reference)
 Moderate 121,661 (84.6) 22,199 (15.4)   1.17 (1.14–1.21)
 High 56,478 (81.9) 12,472 (18.1)   1.43 (1.39–1.48)
 Mean ± SD 1.6 ± 1.2 1.8 ± 1.3 <0.0001   
  1. *Logistic regression model included sociodemographics and medical conditions; Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness of fit, p-value = 0.0006; c-statistic = 0.71; CI, confidence interval; OR, odds ratio; TCM, traditional Chinese medicine