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Table 4 Association between CAM use and days missed from job or business in past 12 months

From: Complementary and alternative medicine use and absenteeism among individuals with chronic disease

  Model 1: Dietary Supplements Model 2: Mind-body practices
  IRR (95 % CI) p valuea IRR (95 % CI) p valuea
CAM use     
 No ref . ref .
 Yes 1.13 (0.85, 1.51) 0.40 1.55 (1.09, 2.21) 0.01
Race/Ethnicity     
 White ref . ref .
 African American 1.08 (0.75, 1.57) 0.67 1.01 (0.65, 1.58) 0.96
 Hispanic 0.98 (0.63, 1.52) 0.92 1.34 (0.74, 2.41) 0.33
 Asian/Other 1.31 (0.72, 2.41) 0.38 1.12 (0.77, 1.63) 0.55
Age 0.99 (0.99, 1.00) 0.05 1.00 (0.99, 1.00) 0.11
Gender     
 Male ref . ref .
 Female 1.06 (0.90, 1.25) 0.48 1.05 (0.88, 1.25) 0.60
Household income     
 <$35,000 ref . ref .
 $35,000-$74,999 1.23 (0.87, 1.75) 0.24 1.27 (0.90, 1.80) 0.18
 $75,000-$99,999 1.17 (0.80, 1.72) 0.41 1.20 (0.83, 1.75) 0.34
 $100,000+ 1.23 (0.86, 1.77) 0.41 1.26 (0.89, 1.75) 0.34
Education     
 Did not complete high school ref . ref .
 High school diploma or GED 0.74 (0.42, 1.30) 0.29 0.73 (0.41, 1.28) 0.27
 Associate's degree/some college 0.84 (0.50, 1.45) 0.54 0.89 (0.48, 1.40) 0.48
 Bachelor's degree 0.67 (0.39, 1.14) 0.14 0.64 (0.37, 1.09) 0.1
 Advanced degree 0.54 (0.32, 0.93) 0.03 0.50 (0.28, 0.88) 0.02
BMI 1.04 (0.70, 1.58) 0.01 1.04 (1.01, 1.07) 0.006
General health     
 Excellent ref . ref .
 Very good 1.12 (0.79, 1.55) 0.53 1.12 (0.80, 1.55) 0.50
 Good 1.28 (0.93, 1.77) 0.13 1.30 (0.94, 1.79) 0.11
 Fair/Poor 1.82 (1.02, 2.61) 0.001 1.80 (1.26, 2.61) 0.001
Reason for CAM use (excludes non-users)     
 Improve energy 0.77 (0.40, 2.48) 0.44 0.66 (0.34, 2.38) 0.22
  1. aPoisson regression