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Table 1 Demographic and health related characteristics of participants (N=335)

From: Use of complementary and alternative medicine in pregnancy: a cross-sectional survey on Iraqi women

Variables CAM Users (%) Non users (%) Total X 2 P value
Age 20 years and below 52 (27.4) 39 (26.9) 91 0.010 0.995
21–30 years 90 (47.4) 69 (47.6) 159
31-41years 48 (25.3) 37 (25.5) 85
Residence Urban 102 (53.7) 98 (67.6) 200 6.606 0.013*
Rural 88 (46.3) 47 (32.4) 135
Occupation Yes 12 (6.3) 24 (16.6) 36 8.984 0.003**
No(housewife) 178 (93.7) 121 (83.4) 299
Education level No schooling 39 (20.5) 36 (24.8) 75 1.101 0.577
Elementary school 71 (37.4) 48 (33.1) 119
Middle school or higher 80 (42.1) 61 (42.1) 141
Monthly income <500,000 ID+ 48 (25.3) 72 (49.7) 120 21.284 0.000***
500,001–800,000 ID 76 (40.0) 39 (26.9) 115
>800,001 ID 66 (34.7) 34 (23.4) 100
Perceived health status Unhealthy 39 (20.5) 73 (50.3) 112 34.033 0.000***
Average 45 (23.7) 27 (18.6) 72
Healthy 106 (55.8) 45 (31.0) 151
Previous history of pregnancy No 118 (62.1) 98 (67.6) 216 1.079 0.299
Yes 72 (37.9) 47 (32.4) 119
Use of Contraception No 98 (51.6) 130 (89.7) 228 54.847 0.000***
Yes 92 (48.4) 15 (10.3) 107
  1. +One US Dollar equaled about 1,175 Iraqi Dinars during time of study
  2. RC = Reference category
  3. *p Value <0.05
  4. **p Value <0.01
  5. ***p Value <0.001