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Fig. 8 | BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Fig. 8

From: Antiproliferation of Cryptocarya concinna-derived cryptocaryone against oral cancer cells involving apoptosis, oxidative stress, and DNA damage

Fig. 8

Schematic diagram of hypothesized mechanism of CPC-induced cell killing of human oral cancer cells. Changes in oral cancer cells (Ca9-22) are indicated by bold arrows, such as increases of oxidative stress, apoptosis, DNA damage, and cell death. The upward arrows indicate the increase in each assay of this study. Different assays were shown in parentheses. The bold arrow with “?” symbol is not examined in this study

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