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Table 3 The glycemic index result of study groups

From: In vivo and in vitro evaluation of the effects of Urtica dioica and swimming activity on diabetic factors and pancreatic beta cells

Groups Glucose concentration Insulin concentration Insulin resistance Insulin sensitivity
C 108.5 ± 24.46a 13.05 ± 3.04 3.36 ± 0.48a 0.31 ± 0.01a
CD 467.16 ± 109.94 11.4 ± 3.53 11.68 ± 2.63 0.27 ± 0.01
CD + 0.625 UD 145.42 ± 14.16a 12.92 ± 2.37a 4.46 ± 0.26a 0.3 ± 0.006a
CD + 1.25 UD 158.28 ± 55.42a 15.24 ± 4.04a 5.54 ± 1.1a 0.29 ± 0.01a
CD + M 151.4 ± 30.55a 10.61 ± 1.18 3.89 ± 0.54a 0.31 ± 0.01a
CD + E 130.6 ± 11.23a 11.34 ± 1.08 3.53 ± 0.17a 0.31 ± 0.004a
CD + 0.625UD + E 136.4 ± 23.41a 12.56 ± 1.61a 3.81 ± 0.51a 0.31 ± 0.01a
CD + 1.25UD + E 107.33 ± 23.44b 13.14 ± 3.83a 2.16 ± 0.43b 0.34 ± 0.02b
CD + M + E 136 ± 23.27a 10.9 ± 1.54 4.2 ± 0.47a 0.31 ± 0.01a
  1. aIndicates a significant difference with diabetic control
  2. bIndicates a significant difference with negative control, diabetic control, and between-group differences