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Table 5 Phenolic compositions of the extracts from the leaf of Clinacanthus nutans

From: Effects of phenolic-rich extracts of Clinacanthus nutans on high fat and high cholesterol diet-induced insulin resistance

Individual phenolic content in C. nutans extracts (mg/g extract)
Phenolic Compound Aqueous leaf Aqueous methanol leaf
  (AL) (AML)
Cinnamic acid ND 0.64 ± 0.01
Proto-Catechuic acid 33.29 ± 0.01a 33.28 ± 0.01a
Vanillic acid ND ND
Gallic acid ND ND
Caffeic acid 5.11 ± 0.04a 3.62 ± 0.04b
Ferulic acid ND 1.33 ± 0.02
Chlorogenic acid 22.84 ± 9.14a 33.38 ± 0.31b
p-coumaric ND ND
  1. Data of phenolic compositions are means of three replicates and data are reported as mean ± standard deviation (n = 3). Different superscript letters in each row indicate statistical difference (p < 0.05) according to Duncan’s multiple range test. ND = non detected