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Table 4 Serum lipid profile of high fat diet-fed quails treated with AEE, ACE or AFE after ten weeks (mM)

From: Protective effects of Arctium lappa L. root extracts (AREs) on high fat diet induced quail atherosclerosis

Treatment (/kg/day) Total cholesterol Triacylglycerol LDL HDL
Control 5.51 ± 0.59 1.11 ± 0.13 1.15 ± 0.22 4.10 ± 0.47
Model 7.42 ± 0.57a 1.84 ± 0.37 a 1.88 ± 0.22a 2.42 ± 0.34a
Simvastatin 15 mg 5.69 ± 0.34b 1.14 ± 0.22 b 1.37 ± 0.07b 4.16 ± 0.75b
AEE 1 g 6.34 ± 0.79c 1.67 ± 0.30c 1.99 ± 0.32c 3.28 ± 0.62bc
AEE 2 g 5.96 ± 0.56b 1.21 ± 0.17 bd 1.37 ± 0.22bd 3.62 ± 0.47bc
ACE 100 mg 7.20 ± 0.71c 1.72 ± 0.38c 1.80 ± 0.52c 2.60 ± 0.46c
ACE 200 mg 6.90 ± 0.80c 1.48 ± 0.45 c 1.67 ± 0.36c 2.63 ± 0.38c
AFE 150 mg 6.04 ± 0.70b 1.33 ± 0.31 b 1.51 ± 0.21b 3.11 ± 0.96bc
AFE 300 mg 5.87 ± 0.50b 1.06 ± 0.18 be 1.31 ± 0.19b 3.78 ± 0.41bce
  1. astatistically different from control group (P < 0.05)
  2. bstatistically different from model group (P < 0.05)
  3. cstatistically different from simvastatin group (P < 0.05)
  4. dstatistically different from AAE 1 g group (P < 0.05)
  5. estatistically different from AFE 300 mg group (P < 0.05)
  6. Male quails(three weeks old at the beginning of experiments, four weeks old at the beginning of treatments) were subjected to high fat diet (1 % cholesterol and 14 % pork oil, w/w) for a total of ten weeks. Venous blood were collected from right jugular veins after four and a half weeks and ten weeks treatment. Serums were subjected to automatic biochemistry analyzer Beckman AU5400 (Brea, CA, US) for total cholesterol, triacylglycerol, low density lipoprotein (LDL) and high density lipoprotein (HDL). Data are shown as mean ± standard derivation, N = 10