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Table 1 Serum lipid profile of high fat diet-fed quails treated with AAE after four and a half weeks (mM)

From: Protective effects of Arctium lappa L. root extracts (AREs) on high fat diet induced quail atherosclerosis

Treatment (/kg/day) Total cholesterol Triacylglycerol LDL HDL
Control 5.64 ± 0.79 1.15 ± 0.24 1.41 ± 0.21 3.56 ± 0.46
Model 7.09 ± 0.68a 1.55 ± 0.33a 1.80 ± 0.27a 2.76 ± 0.35a
Simvastatin 15 mg 5.95 ± 0.63b 1.19 ± 0.22b 1.45 ± 0.11b 3.14 ± 0.36b
AAE 0.75 g 6.60 ± 0.41c 1.16 ± 0.31b 1.70 ± 0.17c 3.11 ± 0.29
AAE 1.5 g 6.20 ± 0.46bc 1.09 ± 0.25b 1.58 ± 0.26b 3.18 ± 0.45b
AAE 3 g 5.34 ± 0.37bcde 1.06 ± 0.19b 1.46 ± 0.19bd 3.25 ± 0.48b
  1. astatistically different from control group (P < 0.05)
  2. bstatistically different from model group (P < 0.05)
  3. cstatistically different from simvastatin group (P < 0.05)
  4. dstatistically different from AAE 0.75 g group (P < 0.05)
  5. estatistically different from AAE 1.5 g group (P < 0.05)
  6. Male quails(three weeks old at the beginning of experiments, four weeks old at the beginning of treatments) were subjected to high fat diet (1 % cholesterol and 14 % pork oil, w/w) for a total of ten weeks. Venous blood were collected from right jugular veins after four and a half weeks and ten weeks treatment. Serums were subjected to automatic biochemistry analyzer Beckman AU5400 (Brea, CA, US) for total cholesterol, triacylglycerol, low density lipoprotein (LDL) and high density lipoprotein (HDL). Data are shown as mean ± standard derivation, N = 10