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Fig. 3 | BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Fig. 3

From: Protective effects of Arctium lappa L. root extracts (AREs) on high fat diet induced quail atherosclerosis

Fig. 3

Quantification of atherosclerosis in high fat diet fed quails and the effects of AREs. Four weeks old male quails were fed with high fat diet (1 % cholesterol and 14 % pork oil, w/w) for ten weeks and then aorta were collected, fixed in 4 % formaldehyde for 24 h, then embedded in paraffin, sectioned transversally on a rotary microtome (Leica RM2016) at 6 μm and stained with hematoxlin and eosin following manufacturer’s protocol. HF: high fat diet group; Sim: simvastatin group. a: statistically different from control group. b: statistically different from high fat diet group. c: statistically different from simvastatin group. a Quantification of the ratio of the endothelial proliferation area to total aorta area for the AAE treated animals (N = 3). b Quantification of the ratio of the endothelial proliferation area to total aorta area for the AEE, ACE and AFE treated animals (N = 3). d: statistically different from AEE 1 g/kg group

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