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Table 4 AST, ALT, ALP, creatinine, urea and CRP measurements of groups 1 and 2

From: Anti-hyperglycaemic effects of herbal porridge made of Scoparia dulcis leaf extract in diabetics – a randomized crossover clinical trial

  Study period 1 Study period 2
AST(IU/L) Test (mean ± SEM) Control (mean ± SEM)
  0 week 12 weeks 14 weeks 26 weeks
Group 1a 36.7 ± 4.7 37.0 ± 2.4 51.6 ± 5.6 41.4 ± 3.4
  Control (mean ± SEM) Test (mean ± SEM)
  0 week 12 weeks 14 weeks 26 weeks
Group 2b 32.5 ± 2.6 40.3 ± 4.3 39.0 ± 2.2 47.5 ± 4.1
ALT(IU/L) Test (mean ± SEM) Control (mean ± SEM)
  0 week 12 weeks 14 weeks 26 weeks
Group 1a 43.3 ± 5.7 39.0 ± 3.7 55.5 ± 8.1 41.2 ± 8.9
  Control (mean ± SEM) Test (mean ± SEM)
  0 week 12 weeks 14 weeks 26 weeks
Group 2b 37.0 ± 4.7 42.6 ± 3.8 44.5 ± 5.3 43.0 ± 5.5
ALP(IU/L) Test (mean ± SEM) Control (mean ± SEM)
  0 week 12 weeks 14 weeks 26 weeks
Group 1a 214 ± 19 231 ± 13a 232 ± 13 233 ± 12
  Control (mean ± SEM) Test (mean ± SEM)
  0 week 12 weeks 14 weeks 26 weeks
Group 2b 258 ± 14 329 ± 24b 330 ± 24 281 ± 20c
  Study period 1 Study period 2
Creatinine (mg/dL) Test (mean ± SEM) Control (mean ± SEM)
  0 week 12 weeks 14 weeks 26 weeks
Group 1a 0.85 ± 0.04 0.93 ± 0.06 1.00 ± 0.05 0.90 ± 0.05a
  Control (mean ± SEM) Test (mean ± SEM)
  0 week 12 weeks 14 weeks 26 weeks
Group 2b 0.75 ± 0.03 0.92 ± 0.03b 0.91 ± 0.03 0.91 ± 0.03
Urea (mmol/L) Test (mean ± SEM) Control (mean ± SEM)
  0 week 12 weeks 14 weeks 26 weeks
Group 1a 4.2 ± 0.34 4.1 ± 0.55 5.5 ± 0.64 3.4 ± 0.28a
  Control (mean ± SEM) Test (mean ± SEM)
  0 week 12 weeks 14 weeks 26 weeks
Group 2b 4.5 ± 0.33 4.1 ± 0.24 4.2 ± 0.30 3.6 ± 0.18
CRP (mg/dL) Test (mean ± SEM) Control (mean ± SEM)
  0 week 12 weeks 14 weeks 26 weeks
Group 1a 3.3 ± 0.74 3.4 ± 0.79 3.8 ± 1.05 3.0 ± 0.58
  Control (mean ± SEM) Test (mean ± SEM)
  0 week 12 weeks 14 weeks 26 weeks
Group 2b 4.3 ± 1.03 5.1 ± 0.88 5.1 ± 0.88 6.0 ± 1.11
  1. Week 0 and week 14 indicates the basal serum parameters as those values have been obtained prior to the intervention
  2. an = 16; bn = 19; SEM = standard error of mean; Superscripts indicate a significant difference in a parameter when compared to basal value within a study period (p < 0.05)