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Table 2 Inhibitory diameters (mm) of extracts on tested bacteria*

From: Antimicrobial potential of 27 plants consumed by chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus Blumenbach) in Ivory Coast

  Bacteria
Plant species Plant parts used Extracts S. a. CIP 4.83 S. a. Sen S. a. ATCC 25923 E.coli CIP 54127AF E. coli ATCC 25925 P. a. CIP 103467 P. a. ATCC 27853
Beilschmiedia mannii Pericarp DCM 15 ± 0.5cd 7 ± 0.5lm 0 0 0 9 ± 0.0gj 0
Mesocarp DCM 15 ± 1.0cd 14 ± 1.0c 13 ± 2.0fg 0 0 12 ± 1.5cf 0
EtOAc 12 ± 0.5e 12 ± 0.5de 10 ± 0.0hj 0 0 13 ± 0.5ce 0
MeOH 10 ± 0.5fg 11 ± 0.5eg 9 ± 0.5jk 0 0 10 ± 0.0fi 0
Aqueous 0 10 ± 0.0eh 0 0 0 0 0
Endocarp DCM 0 9 ± 0.5hk 0 0 0 10 ± 0.0fi 0
Whole fruits EtOAc 10 ± 0.0f 11 ± 0.0df 9 ± 0.5jk 0 0 11 ± 0.5eh 0
MeOH 10 ± 1.0f 11 ± 0.0df 11 ± 0.5hi 0 0 11 ± 0.0eh 0
Chrysophyllum taiense Leaves EtOAc 0 11 ± 0.5eg 0 0 0 11 ± 0.5eh 0
MeOH 8 ± 0.5ij 10 ± 0.0eh 9 ± 0.0ik 0 0 10 ± 0.5fj 0
Nauclea diderrichii Leaves DCM 0 13 ± 0.5cd 0 0 0 14 ± 2.5c 0
MeOH 10 ± 0.5fg 10 ± 0.0eh 9 ± 0.0ik 0 0 9 ± 0.5fj 0
Manniophyton fulvum Leaves MeOH 0 9 ± 0.50hk 15 ± 0.5ef 0 0 9 ± 0.5hj 0
Calpocalyx aubrevillei Leaves EtOAc 13 ± 0.5e 13 ± 0.5cd 12 ± 0.5gh 0 0 13 ± 0.0cd 0
MeOH 9 ± 0.5gi 11 ± 0.5eg 9 ± 0.0ik 0 0 10 ± 1.0fj 0
Dacryodes klaineana Fruits EtOAc 0 0 18 ± 0.5cd 0 0 9 ± 1.5gj 0
Landolphia hirsuta Leaves MeOH 9 ± 0.5gi 10 ± 0.5fi 7 ± 0.5l 0 0 10 ± 0.5fj 0
Platysepalum hirsutum Leaves EtOAc 0 9 ± 0.5fi 0 0 0 10 ± 0.0fi 0
MeOH 9 ± 0.5gi 10 ± 0.5fi 8 ± 0.5kl 0 0 10 ± 0.5fj 0
Klainedoxa gabonensis Pericarp EtOAc 15 ± 0.5cd 10 ± 0.0eh 16 ± 0.0de 0 0 11 ± 0.0dg 0
Sterculia oblonga Leaves DCM 0 11 ± 0.0df 0 0 0 0 0
Magnistipula butayei Pericarp DCM 15 ± 0.0cd 9 ± 0.0gj 9 ± 0.5ijk 0 0 9 ± 1.5gj 0
Tristemma coronatum Leaves EtOAc 16 ± 1.0c 9 ± 0.5fi 19 ± 1.0c 0 0 10 ± 0.5fj 0
MeOH 0 9 ± 0.0fi 17 ± 1.5d 0 0 8 ± 0.0ij 0
Gentamicin    20 ± 0.5b 22 ± 1.5a 22 ± 0.5b 21 ± 2.5a 0 29 ± 1.0a 29 ± 1.5a
Tetracycline    23 ± 0.5a 19 ± 1.0b 30 ± 1.5a 17 ± 1.0b 0 21 ± 0.5b 24 ± 1.0b
F    432.11 268.08 290.02 97.082   176.88 423.89
P    < 0.001
  1. *: Mean ± SD of two replicates; DCM: Dichloromethane; EtOAc: Ethyl Acetate; MeOH: Methanol; S. a.: Staphylococcus; E: Escherichia; P. a.: Pseudomonas aeruginosa; ATCC: American Type Culture Collection; CIP: Centre Institut Pasteur; Sen: Sensitive; F: Fisher statistical; P: Probability; Values with the same superscript letter are not significantly different (P < 0.001)