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Table 1 Nutrient composition of the high fat diet compared to standard high carbohydrate (HC) diet

From: Salvia libanotica improves glycemia and serum lipid profile in rats fed a high fat diet

  Standard HCa High Fatb
Protein (% wt) 19 18.1
Carbohydrates (% wt) 65.3 62.2
 Sugars 9.2 8.8
Fat (% wt) 9.6 13.9
Fat breakdown   
 Saturated fat 18 % 21 %
 Mono-unsaturated fat 29 % 28 %
 Poly-unsaturated fat 47 % 45 %
Fiber (% wt) 4.3 4.1
Metabolizable energy (kJ/g) 17.7 18.7
Energy (Protein) 18 % 16 %
Energy (Carbohydrate) 62 % 56 %
Energy (Fat) 20 % 28 %
  1. aLaboratory rodent starter diet no. 1, Hawa Chicken Co. (Safra, Lebanon)
  2. bDiet derived from the standard HC diet enriched with coconut oil