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Fig. 3 | BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Fig. 3

From: Vaginal innate immune mediators are modulated by a water extract of Houttuynia cordata Thunb

Fig. 3

The secretion of cytokines and chemokines by VECs. VECs were treated with H. cordata water extract for 18 h. The levels of secreted cytokines and chemokines in cell culture supernatants were determined by Luminex assay. Mean and standard deviations (error bars) of cytokine concentrations after treatment are shown. Experiments were performed in duplicate with two different donors. *, P < 0.05 compared to untreated control group

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