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Table 4 The antiviral activity of MBS extract on RSV by the direct virucidal effect and the prophylactic effect on Vero cell line

From: Novel antiviral activity of mung bean sprouts against respiratory syncytial virus and herpes simplex virus −1: an in vitro study on virally infected Vero and MRC-5 cell lines

Protocol Time aCC50 mg/ml bIC50 mg/ml cSI
dDVI 0 h 220.96 ± 60.56 26.98 ± 2.82 8.35 ± 0.79
  1 h 220.96 ± 60.56 15.62 ± 0.61 14.18 ± 0.54
  2 h 220.96 ± 60.56 26.72 ± 0.95 8.28 ± 0.29
Ribavirin 1 h 1.4 ± 0.088 0.06 ± 0.005 23.39 ± 2.44
eIVR 30 min 220.96 ± 60.56 18.92 ± 0.47 11.69 ± 0.28
  1 h 220.96 ± 60.56 17.23 ± 0.3 12.82 ± 0.23
Ribavirin 1 h 2.28 ± 0.057 0.087 ± 0.005 21.95 ± 2.12
  1. Note: acytotoxic concentration 50, b Inhibitory concentration 50, c selective index dDVI: the direct virus inactivation. eIVR: the inhibition in virus infection after specific cell treatment