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Table 1 Percentage crude extract yield from the selected plant species

From: The anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity of 25 plant species used traditionally to treat pain in southern African

Plant species Family name Herbarium specimen no. Common names Medicinal uses Yield (mg) Yield (%)
Acacia burkei Fabaceae PRU/120581/1/Adebayo SA Black monkey thorn Painful back and eye [10] 110 3.7
Acacia sieberiana Fabaceae PRU/120582/1/Adebayo SA Paperback thorn Fever, back aches and pain [10] 210 7.0
Acokanthera oppositifolia Apocynaceae PRU/120583/1/Adebayo SA Bushman’s poison Headaches and pain [56] 520 17.3
Bridelia micrantha Phyllanthaceae PRU/120584/1/Adebayo SA Coast gold leaf Anti-inflammatory, abdominal pain [57] 340 11.3
Clausena anisata Rutaceae PRU/120585/1/Adebayo SA Maggot-killer Abdominal pain, fever, rheumatism [58] 190 6.3
Dichrostachys cinerea Fabaceae PRU/120586/1/Adebayo SA Sickle bush Analgesic [59, 60] 50 1.7
Ekebergia capensis Meliaceae PRU/120587/1/Adebayo SA Cape ash Headaches, backaches and cough [58] 120 4.0
Erythrophleum lasianthum Fabaceae PRU/120588/1/Adebayo SA Thornless tree Headaches [59] 350 11.6
Harpephyllum caffrum Anacardiaceae PRU/120589/1/Adebayo SA Wild plum or bush mango Pain alleviation [60] 120 4.0
Kigelia africana Bignoniaceae PRU/120590/1/Adebayo SA Sausage tree Analgesics, fever rheumatism [61] 60 2.0
Melianthus comosus Melianthaceae PRU/120591/1/Adebayo SA Honey flower Rheumatism [59] 260 8.7
Peltophorum africanum Fabaceae PRU/120592/1/Adebayo SA African/weeping wattle Chronic pains [62] 100 3.3
Pittosporum viridiflorum Pittosporaceae PRU/120593/1/Adebayo SA Cheesewood Abdominal pains [58] 140 4.6
Plumbago auriculata Plumbaginaceae PRU/120594/1/Adebayo SA Plumbago Headaches and malaria relief [58] 80 2.7
Polygala fruticosa Polygalaceae PRU/120595/1/Adebayo SA Butterfly bush Venereal diseases [60] 570 19.0
Ptaeroxylon obliquum Ptaeroxylaceae PRU/120596/1/Adebayo SA Sneezewood Headaches [60] 200 6.7
Rhus chirindensis Anacardiaceae PRU/120597/1/Adebayo SA Red currant Arthritis, pain [62] 200 6.7
Sclerocarya birrea Anacardiaceae PRU/120598/1/Adebayo SA Marula Anti-inflammatory, fever [62] 150 5.0
Tecomaria capensis Bignoniaceae PRU/120599/1/Adebayo SA Cape honey suckle Abdominal pains [59] 170 5.7
Terminalia phanerophlebia Combretaceae PRU/120600/1/Adebayo SA Lebombo cluster leaf Aches, wounds and infections [41, 63] 210 7.0
Trichilia dregeana Meliaceae PRU/120601/1/Adebayo SA Thunder tree Stomach ailment and backaches [58] 70 2.3
Terminalia prunioides Combretaceae PRU/120602/1/Adebayo SA Lowveld cluster leaf Abdominal pains, backaches [41] 170 5.7
Tulbaghia violacea Alliaceae PRU/120603/1/Adebayo SA Wild garlic Pain relief and fever [64] 660 22.0
Warburgia salutaris Canellaceae PRU/120604/1/Adebayo SA Pepper-bark tree Headaches, influenza and fever [65] 150 5.0
Zanthoxylum capense Rutaceae PRU/120605/1/Adebayo SA Small knobwood Abdominal pains [65] 220 7.3