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Table 4 Consensus on approaches and techniques to AVOID, for people with depression or anxiety

From: Establishing key components of yoga interventions for reducing depression and anxiety, and improving well-being: a Delphi method study

Round 1 - recommendations to avoid Round 2 - General consensus achieved:
For people with Depression For people with Anxiety
Meditation practices without any specific focus (such as emptiness or inner silence meditation) Important or Essential to AVOID Important or Essential to AVOID
Rapid breathing techniques, such as kapalabhati (if anxiety or history of trauma is also present) Important or Essential to AVOID Important or Essential to AVOID
Strong, vigorous or strenuous postures Important or Essential to AVOID Important or Essential to AVOID
Yoga done in heated, crowded, enclosed spaces No consensus Important or Essential to AVOID
Any practices which are too introspective No consensus Important or Essential to AVOID
Techniques that emphasise ability, accomplishment, performance, competition No recommendation Important or Essential to AVOID
Techniques that require difficult and complex instructions No recommendation Important or Essential to AVOID
Comfortable holding after inhalation No recommendation Important or Essential to AVOID