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Table 1 NHS healthcare utilisation rates for ROMANS medical osteopathy service users and non-users for six months (during and after)

From: The impact of NHS based primary care complementary therapy services on health outcomes and NHS costs: a review of service audits and evaluations

Activity Non-service users (SD) Medical osteopathy service users (SD) Difference (95% Confidence Intervals*)
All GP contacts 3.26 (2.69) 3.16 (2.81) -0.10
GP contacts for spinal pain 1.75 (2.22) 1.49 (2.0) -0.26
All prescriptions 5.11 (7.41) 5.28 (8.62) +0.17
Analgesic/non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug prescriptions 1.3 (2.17) 1.21 (1.9) -0.09
All consultant contacts 0.28 (0.62) 0.26 (0.49) -0.02
Consultant contacts for spinal pain 0.09 (0.38) 0.06 (0.24) -0.03
All physiotherapy 0.81 (1.96) 0.38 (1.76) -0.43
Physiotherapy for spinal pain 0.73 (1.96) 0.36 (1.73) -0.37
Average total healthcare costs £307 (£687) £328 (£564) +£21 (-£142, £159)
Average total spine related costs £64 (£90) £129 (£283) +£65 (£32, £155)
  1. * 95% confidence intervals of the difference cannot be calculated as standard deviation not provided
  2. Differences in bold = difference in favour of medical osteopathy group
  3. SD = standard deviation