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Table 4 Associations of belief that gemstones have an impact on health

From: Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding gemstone therapeutics in a selected adult population in Pakistan

Variables Belief that gemstones have an impact on health
  Yes No Don't Know P-values
Use of Gemstones (n = 400)
Yes 98 46 8 < 0.001
No 58 172 18  
Advising Others to Use Gemstones in Future (n = 400)
Yes 68 65 9 < 0.001
No 63 148 16  
Don't Know 156 5 1  
Duration of Gemstone Use (n = 152) *
- < 1 year 25 3 3  
- 1 – 5 years 38 26 3 0.028
- 5 – 10 years 18 14 1  
- > 10 years 17 3 1  
Gender (n = 400)
Male 82 111 2 < 0.001
Female 74 107 24  
Socioeconomic Status (n = 400)
< 5,000 Rs 12 30 3 < 0.001
5 – 10,000 Rs 34 49 11  
10 – 50,000 Rs 74 120 12   
> 50, 0000 Rs 36 19 0  
Education (n = 400)     
Can only read and write name 11 0 2  
Upto Class 8 7 15 0 0.004
Upto Class 12 42 73 8  
Graduate/Post graduate/Diploma 96 130 16  
Age in years (n = 400)     
18 – 28 17 74 12 < 0.001
29 – 39 52 64 10  
40 – 50 41 36 2  
51 – 61 36 29 2  
62 – 72 10 15 0  
Occupation (n = 400)     
Student 1 37 3  
Self-employed 26 43 3  
Private Service 36 51 3  
Government Service 19 27 3 < 0.001
Unemployed 0 2 4  
Retired 15 12 0  
Housewife 57 43 10  
Others 2 3 0  
  1. * 152 individuals out of 400 had used gemstones in the past for effects on health. Therefore, association for duration of usage is reported for these 152 people.