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Table 5 Participants opinions of the treatment

From: Treatments of pelvic girdle pain in pregnant women: adverse effects of standard treatment, acupuncture and stabilising exercises on the pregnancy, mother, delivery and the fetus/neonate

Outcomes      
  Standard group (n = 100) Acupuncture group (n = 108) Stabilizing exercise group (n = 111) P-value
No help of treatment 25 (25) 4 (4) 2 (2) S-ACU < 0.001
     SE-S < 0.001
     ACU-SE NS
Some help of treatment 53 (53) 21 (19) 28 (25) S-ACU < 0.001
     SE-S < 0.001
     ACU-SE NS
Good help of treatment 14 (14) 37 (34) 38 (34) S-ACU < 0.001
     SE-S < 0.001
     ACU-SE NS
Very good help of treatment 8 (8) 46 (43) 43 (39) S-ACU < 0.001
     SE-S < 0.001
     ACU-SE NS
Experienced harm of treatment 51 (51) 43 (40) 22 (20) S-ACU 0.674
     S-SE <0.001
     ACU-SE <0.001
Painful treatment 1 (1) 27 (24) 3 (3) S-ACU <0.001
     S-SE NS
     ACU-SE <0.001
Treatment not enough 13 (13) 0 3 (2) S-ACU <0.001
     S-SE 0.014
     ACU-SE NS
Difficult to exercise at home 24 (24) 0 5 (4) S-ACU <0.001
     S-SE <0.001
     ACU-SE NS
Syncope 0 9 (8) 0 All groups NS
Drowsiness after treatment 0 9 (8) 0 S-ACU 0.011
     ACU-SE 0.004
Did not relieve pain 3 (3) 2 (2) 5 (4) All groups NS
Pelvic belt uncomfortable 5 (5) 0 0 S-ACU NS
     S-SE NS
Treatment unpleasant 0 7 (6) 0 S-ACU 0.020
     ACU-SE 0.044
Time consuming 7 (7) 5 (4) 4 (3) S-ACU NS
     S-SE NS
     ACU-SE NS
Would choose the same treatment again 69 (69) 98 (93) 106 (95) S-ACU <0.001
     S-SE <0.001
     ACU-SE NS
  1. S, standard treatment; ACU, acupuncture plus standard treatment; SE, stabilizing exercises plus standard treatment
  2. Numbers reported with percentage of group
  3. §Numbers reported with percentage of group.
  4. ±Mean scores are reported with standard deviations.
  5. Data were tested for significance with Fischer's exact test. Adjustments (multiplication by three) of the p-values due to multiple comparisons were performed by Bonferroni's method. NS = Not significant.