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Table 4 Details of minor adverse events associated with treatments reported during the treatment period by the patients in the study

From: Treatments of pelvic girdle pain in pregnant women: adverse effects of standard treatment, acupuncture and stabilising exercises on the pregnancy, mother, delivery and the fetus/neonate

Adverse events    
  Standard Group (n = 130) Acupuncture Group (n = 125) Stabilising exercise group (n = 131)
Number of adverse events 8 in 8 women 64 in 43 women 22 in 22 women
Painful treatment - 23 experienced pain from needles -
Worsening of PGP During and after exercises (n = 2) During the same day that they had received treatment (n = 15) During the exercises (n = 2)
Back pain - - Thoracic pain (n = 1) LBP in the beginning of the treatment (n = 17)
Treatment discomfort-table Rubbing from pelvic belt (n = 5) Unpleasant treatment (n = 5) -
Drowsiness after treatment - (n = 12) -
Psychological and emotional reactions - Intense emotional release, (feeling energised) (n = 1) -
Miscellaneous symptoms Uterine contractions during exercise (n = 1) Headache plus severe drowsiness the same day as the treatment and the day after (n = 1); headache the day of the treatment (n = 1); rash developed on the place of the needles a few days after treatment (n = 2); severe nausea with feeling faint, sweating and dizziness (n = 4). Premature bleeding (n = 1); premature contractions (n = 1)