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Table 1 Demographic and health characteristics of the 1997–8 and 2005 CAM consumers.

From: Motivations for consulting complementary and alternative medicine practitioners: A comparison of consumers from 1997–8 and 2005

  % (N) or M (SD)
Characteristics 1997–8 N = 141 2005 N = 185 p value*
Sex (% female) 77.9 (109) 83.2 (154) 0.26(1)
Age 42.3 (12.6) 41.4 (13.7)  
   Range 19 – 80 15 – 86 0.54(2)
Caucasian ethnicity 93.5 (130) 94.1 (174) 1.00(1)
Employment status    
   Full-time 55.3 (78) 53.5 (99)  
   Part-time 19.1 (27) 16.2 (30)  
   Unemployed/retired 15.6 (22) 23.2 (43)  
   Disabled 9.9 (14) 7.0 (13) 0.31(3)
Education    
   High school or less 8.5 (12) 23.8 (44)  
   College/University 48.9 (69) 65.9 (122)  
   Graduate school 42.6 (60) 10.3 (19) <0.0001(3)
Relationship status    
   Married/Living with spouse equivalent 65.2 (92) 63.6 (117)  
   Separated/Divorced/Widowed 17.0 (22) 15.2 (28)  
   Never married 17.7 (25) 19.6 (36) 0.98(3)
Number of acute health problems 3.62 (1.74) 3.34 (1.86) 0.60(2)
   Range 0 – 8 0 – 9  
Number of chronic health problems 1.23 (1.07) 1.59 (1.24) 0.04(2)
   Range 0 – 4 0 – 6  
  1. * (1) Based on Fisher's Exact test, 2 sided, (2) based on an independent sample t-test, (3) based on a Pearson chi-square test, 2 sided.
  2. † Analysis excludes one participant who self-identified as being transgender.