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Table 2 Demographics of the population surveyed

From: Patterns of complementary and alternative medicine use amongst outpatients in Tokyo, Japan

Characteristic Variable Sample (n = 496) Users of CAM1 (n = 246) p-value (χ2 test)
   n = % n = %  
Gender Male 190 38 78 32 0.003
  Female 306 62 168 68  
Age < 20 4 1 2 1 0.85*
  20–29 58 12 26 11  
  30–39 68 14 38 15  
  40–49 53 11 29 12  
  50–59 85 17 40 16  
  60–69 109 22 51 21  
  70–79 83 17 42 17  
  80+ 36 7 18 7  
Highest education† University degree 155 31 77 31 0.30*
  Trade qualification 109 22 56 23  
  Secondary school 209 42 94 38  
  None (below secondary school) 13 3 7 3  
Financial status§ Not well off 67 14 33 13 0.82*
  Average 394 79 191 78  
  Well off 30 6 15 6  
  1. * Linear-by-linear Association Chi-squared test
  2. 1CAM use within the last 12 months
  3. † 10 patients (2%) did not answer this question
  4. §6 patients (1%) did not answer this question