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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of hypertensives using or not using complementary and alternative therapies

From: Frequency of complementary and alternative medicine utilization in hypertensive patients attending an urban tertiary care centre in Nigeria

Characteristics Overall population n = 225 (% or SD) CAM users n = 88 (% or SD) CAM non-users n = 137 (% or SD) Test statistic* P value
Mean age, years (SD) 55.1 (12.4) 55.2 (10.5) 55.0 (13.5) 0.16 NS
Male/female 90/135 32/56 58/79 0.79 NS
BMI (kg/m2) 28.3 (5.5) 29.1 (5.6) 27.1 (5.9) 1.96 0.05
Initial systolic blood pressure mmHg 159.9 (25.4) 158.3 (24.8) 161.0 (25.8) 0.77 NS
Initial diastolic blood pressure mmHg 102.5 (17.4) 100.9 (15.6) 103.5 (18.4) 1.08 NS
Current systolic blood pressure mmHg 141.9 (23.4) 140.4 (22.1) 142.8 (24.3) 0.76 NS
Current diastolic blood pressure mmHg 89.2 (16.2) 87.7 (12.8) 90.1 (18.0) 1.07 NS
% compliant 148 (65.8) 57 (64.8%) 91 (66.4%) 0.06 NS
% Blood pressure controlled 89 (39.6) 35 (39.8%) 54 (39.4%) 0.00 NS
Duration of hypertension (years) 10.8 (8.5) 10.7 (8.7) 10.7 (8.4) 0.02 NS
Duration of clinic attendance (months) 79.5 (77.4) 73.6 (73.1) 83.4 (80.1) 0.78 NS
  1. * Statistical comparison of the CAM users and non-users. Test statistic derived from students T test comparing mean values, and Χ2 test comparing proportions.
  2. CAM complementary and alternative medicine