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Table 1 TLC Bioautography results of various extracts.

From: Screening of Tanzanian medicinal plants for anti-Candida activity

S/N Botanical Name Family Source Plant part % Yield of the Extract Mobile Phase Average hRrf value Average inhibition zones in mm
1 Abrus precatorius L. Fabaceae T L 18.3 3 - -
2 Acacia nilotica (L.) Del. Fabaceae T Rb 16.5 3 63 < 4
        75 < 4
        85 < 4
3 Acacia zanzibarica (S. Moore) Taub. Fabaceae T Rb 12.5 2 - -
4 Agathisanthemum bojeri Klotzsch Rubiaceae T Ap 6.5 3 - -
5 Agathisanthemum bojeri Klotzsch Rubiaceae T R 16.0 4 80 < 4
        100 10
6 Albizia anthelmintica Brongn Fabaceae T Rb 9.0 5 25 15
        40 4
        50 5
        60 6
7 Allophyllus africanus P. Beauv. Sapindaceae T Ap 3.0 3 - -
8 Asparagus africanus Lam. Liliaceae Lit* Ap 16.4 2 0 < 4
        50 < 4
        75 < 4
9 Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile Zygophyllaceae T Rb 22.0 5 30 13
10 Bonamia mossambicensis Klotzsch Convolvulaceae Lit* R 6.0 3 - -
11 Boscia salicifolia Oliv. Capparaceae Lit* L 14.5 4 - -
12 Bridelia cathartica Bertol. Euphorbiaceae Lit* Sb 10.0 2 - -
13 Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp Fabaceae T L 8.0 3 37 4
        53 10
        78 10
14 Carica papaya L. Caricaceae T R 6.0 3 - -
15 Cassia abbreviata Oliv Fabaceae T Rb 11.5 1 - -
16 Cassia auriculata L. Fabaceae Lit* Sb 10.0 4 60 10
        85 8
17 Catunaregum nilotica (Stapf) Tier. Rubiaceae T Rb 6.0 3 0 < 4
        40 < 4
        55 < 4
        80 < 4
18 Ceiba pentandra Gaertn Bombacaceae Lit* L 5.5 3 - -
19 Chassalia umbraticola Vatke Rubiaceae T Rb 6.0 3 0 5
        80 6
20 Clutia abyssinica Jaub. & Spach Euphorbiaceae T L 9.5 1 - -
21 Combretum molle R. Br. Combretaceae T R 13.5 4 33 7
        48 4
22 Combretum zeyheri Sond Combretaceae Lit* L 3.5 3 46 9
        61 6.5
23 Crabbea velutina S. Moore Acanthaceae T W 8.0 3 - -
24 Deinbollia borbonica Scheff Sapindaceae Lit* R 5.0 3 - -
25 Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight & Arn Fabaceae T L 12.0 1 - -
26 Dictyophleba lucida (K. Schum.) Pierre Apocynaceae Li L 13.0 2 10 5
        40 5
        85 <4
27 Ehretia amoena Klotzsch Boraginaceae T Sb 6.5 3 - -
28 Elaeodendron buchananii (Loes) Loes Celastraceae T Rb 13.5 3 - -
29 Eriosema psoraleoides (Lam.) G. Don Fabaceae Li Sb 4.5 3 - -
30 Flueggea virosa (Roxb. ex Wild.) Voigt. Euphorbiaceae Lit** S 2.5 3 - -
31 Harrisonia abyssinica Oliv. Simaroubaceae Lit*&T Rb 12.5 1 90 10
32 Harrisonia abyssinica Oliv. Simaroubaceae Lit* Ap 10.5 1 - -
33 Hibiscus micranthus L. f. Malvaceae Lit* Ap 3.5 3 - -
34 Holarrhena febrifuga Klotzsch Apocynaceae Lit* L 13.0 5 45 10
35 Lannea stuhlmannii Engl. Anacardiaceae T R 9.5 3 - -
36 Margaritaria discoidea (Baill) G.L. Webster Euphorbiaceae T R 15.0 3 50 5
        60 4
37 Ocimum suave Willd Lamiaceae T R 5.5 3 - -
38 Ozoroa insignis Delile (from Morogoro) Anacardiaceae T Rb 11.5 1 - -
39 Ozoroa insignis Delile (from Tanga) Anacardiaceae T Rb 9.0 3 - -
40 Phyllanthus reticulatus Poir Euphorbiaceae Lit* Ap 11.5 1 - -
41 Physalis peruviana L. Solanaceae T L 13.6 1 0 7
        45 6
        80 < 4
42 Plectranthus barbatus Andrews Lamiaceae T R 5.5 3 72 12.5
43 Plectranthus barbatus Andrews Lamiaceae T L 2.0 1 85 7
44 Pseudolachnostylis maprouneaefolia Pax Euphorbiaceae Lit* S 12.0 4 - -
45 Pseudolachnostylis maprouneaefolia Pax Euphorbiaceae Lit* R 12.0 1 - -
46 Pseudovigna argentea (Willd) Verde Fabaceae T L 4.0 3 Sf <4
47 Salvadora persica L. Salvadoraceae T Rb 8.5 3 80 10
48 Sclerocarya birrea (A. Rich) Hochst Anacardiaceae T Rb 9.0 3 - -
49 Securidaca longepedunculata Fres. Polygalaceae T Rb 26.5 3 72 < 4
        85 < 4
50 Sida serratifolia L. Malvaceae Lit* Ap 4.0 1 85 10
51 Suregada zanzibariensis Baill. Euphorbiaceae T L 8.0 1 0 10
        80 5
        100 < 4
52 Synoptolepis kirkii Oliv Thymelaeaceae T R 5.7 3 - -
53 Tetracera boiviniana L. Dilleniaceae T L 4.0 3 - -
54 Uvaria acuminata Oliv. Annonaceae T R 7.0 3 70 7
55 Vitex fischeri Gürke Verbenaceae Lit* Rb 6.0 3 52 < 4
        65 < 4
56 Xeroderris stuhlmannii (Taub) Mendonca Fabaceae Lit* Sb 6.5 3 - -
57 Ximenia americana L. (from Morogoro) Olacaceae T Rb 18.5 4 - -
58 Ximenia americana L. (from Tanga) Olacaceae T Rb 8.5 4 - -
59 Zanha africana (Radlk.) Exell. Sapindaceae T R 6.5 3 11 4
        41 5
60 Zanthoxylum chalybeum Engl. Rutaceae Lit* Rb 9.0 4 30 < 4
        85 < 4
61 Ziziphus abyssinica Hochst. ex A. Rich. Rhamnaceae Lit* L 11.5 6 37 9
62 Ziziphus abyssinica Hochst. ex A. Rich. Rhamnaceae Lit* Sb 9.0 3 - -
63 Ziziphus mucronata Willd Rhamnaceae T R 8.0 3 75 < 4
  1. Key:
  2. Ap: aerial parts; L: leaves; Lit: literature; R: roots; Rb: root bark; S: stem; Sb: stem bark; Sf: several faint spots, T: traditional healer; W: whole plant, -: no inhibition, *Sawhney et al. (20), **Khan et al. (21),
  3. Mobile phases
  4. 1: Chloroform: Methanol 9:1
  5. 2: Chloroform:Methanol 5:1
  6. 3: Chloroform:Methanol 4:1
  7. 4: Chloroform:Methanol:Ethylacetate 4:1:1
  8. 5: Chloroform:Methanol:Ethylacetate:water 28:30:35:5
  9. 6: Dichloromethane:Methanol:Water 30:10:1