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Table 2 Demographic data and base-line data for the major outcome assessments of participants evaluated at the end of a run-in period (week 0).

From: Chinese herbal recipe versus diclofenac in symptomatic treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee: a randomized controlled trial [ISRCTN70292892]

  Treatment groups  
Characteristics DJW Diclofenac p value
n (M:F) 100 (22:78) 100 (19:81) NS
Age (y)* 62.66 (9.46) 62.38 (8.22) NS
Body weight (kg)* 60.47 (10.34) 60.13 (10.89) NS
Height (m)* 1.51 (0.07) 1.51 (0.07) NS
BMI (kg/m2)* 26.52 (4.38) 26.35 (3.85) NS
Duration of OA (y)* 5.46 (5.48) 4.79 (4.24) NS
Localization of OA    NS
   Right knee 17 17  
   Left knee 14 14  
   Both knees 69 69  
VAS the assessed pain (mm)*    
   Walking pain 64.53 (24.92) 64.78 (25.14) NS
   Standing pain 52.42 (25.87) 53.52 (24.69) NS
   Pain during climbing up and down stairs 63.08 (20.87) 62.69 (23.21) NS
   Night pain 50.15 (26.74) 48.45 (28.18) NS
   Resting pain 38.48 (22.09) 37.12 (26.08) NS
   Total paina 268.65 (88.87) 266.55 (89.33) NS
   Pain during the most painful knee movement 82.25 (16.15) 81.17 (16.56) NS
VAS that assessed stiffness (mm)*    
   Morning stiffness 53.53 (27.38) 58.32 (26.40) NS
   Stiffness after rest 68.52 (22.76) 70.45 (22.32) NS
   Total stiffnessb 122.05 (41.98) 128.76 (42.34) NS
Lequesne's functional index* 14.20 (3.13) 14.80 (2.61) NS
Time for climbing up 10 steps* 13.44 (4.85) 13.32 (5.10) NS
  1. *Data represent mean (SD). aSummation of VAS that assessed walking pain, standing pain, pain during climbing up and down stairs, night pain and resting pain. bSummation of VAS that assessed morning stiffness and stiffness after rest. NS: no statistical significance.