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Table 1 Controlled vocabulary and keywords used to retrieve studies on the validity of spinal palpation

From: Searching biomedical databases on complementary medicine: the use of controlled vocabulary among authors, indexers and investigators

#1: Validity Terms #2: Spinal Terms #3: Procedure Terms #4: Neuromuscular Dysfunction Terms
Accuracy, accurate Cervical verterbrae [mh][sh][de]/cervical Diagnosis [mh][sh][de] Apophyseal
Analysis of variance [mh] [sh] [de] Lumbar vertebrae [mh] [sh] [de] /lumbar Manual Asymmetry
Construct validity [sh] Neck [mh] [sh] [de] Manual exam*/manual diagnosis Back pain [mh] [sh] [de]
Content validity [sh] Para-spine, para-spinal Manipulat* Blockage
Convergent Spine [mh] [sh] [de] / Spinal Manipulation, chiropractic [mh] [sh] [de] Fixation/ Tissue Fixation [mh] [de]
Criterion / Criterion related validity [sh] Thoracic vertebrae [mh] [sh] [de] / thoracic Manipulation, orthopedic [mh] [sh] [de] Hypomobility
Discriminant analysis [mh] [de] Vertebral Manipulation, osteopathic [mh] [de] Joint Instability [mh] [sh] [de]
Discriminant validity [sh]   Manipulation, spinal [mh] [de] Low back pain [mh] [sh] [de]
Face validity [sh]   Palpation [mh] [sh] [de] /palpat* Manipulable lesion
Gold standard    Mobility
Instrumentation [sh] / instrument*    Motion unit
Judgment [mh] [sh]    Muscle tension / Muscle contraction [mh] [sh] [de]
Likelihood functions [mh] [de] / Likelihood ratio    Myofascial Pain Syndromes [mh] [sh] [de]
Predict* (predictive, predictor, predictability)    Neck pain [mh] [sh] [de]
Predictive value of tests [mh] [sh] [de]    Quality of Motion
Reference standards [mh] [de]    Range of Motion, Articular [mh] [de]/Range of motion [sh]
ROC / ROC curve [mh] [de]    Stiffness
Sensitivity and specificity [mh] [sh] [de]    Somatic dysfunction [de]
Valid, Validation, Validation studies [pt] [sh]    Subluxation [sh] [de]
Validity [sh]    Tender point*
    Tissue texture
#5: Validity Assessment Terms    Trigger points [de]
Galvanic skin response [mh] [de]    Zygapophyseal joint [mh] / Zygapophysial
Measure*, Pain Measurement [mh] [sh] [de]    
Radiography [mh] [sh] [de]    
Thermography [mh] [sh] [de]    
X-rays [mh] [sh], x-ray [de]    
  1. [mh] = Medical Subject Headings in MEDLINE; [pt] = publication type in MEDLINE; [sh] = Subject Heading in CINAHL [de] = Descriptor in MANTIS Search strategy: (#1 AND #2 AND #3 AND #4) OR (#2 AND #3 AND #4 AND #5) Note: Reliability and Validity see Reproducibility of Results; Validity of Results see Reproducibility of Results.