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Table 2 Plasma lipid concentrations (mmol/L) with consumption of a kefir or milk supplement for 28 d.

From: Kefir consumption does not alter plasma lipid levels or cholesterol fractional synthesis rates relative to milk in hyperlipidemic men: a randomized controlled trial [ISRCTN10820810]

Supplement   TC HDL-C LDL-C TG
Kefir Baseline 6.46 ± 1.43 1.04 ± 0.29 5.41 ± 1.45 3.03 ± 1.87
  Endpoint 6.51 ± 1.13 1.05 ± 0.22 5.43 ± 1.17 3.03 ± 1.52
  Change 0.05 ± 0.74 0.01 ± 0.19 0.01 ± 0.68 0.00 ± 1.16
Milk Baseline 6.08 ± 1.04 1.01 ± 0.25 5.06 ± 1.04 2.87 ± 1.60
  Endpoint 6.00 ± 1.25 1.02 ± 0.22 4.93 ± 1.22 3.01 ± 1.30
  Change -0.08 ± 0.89 0.00 ± 0.27 -0.13 ± 0.97 0.14 ± 0.87
  1. Values are means ± SD, n = 13. Endpoints and change from baseline were tested for differences between diets with paired Student's t-tests.