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Table 5 The summary of antiplasmodial level of extracts from different parts of 14 plant species

From: Effect of selected local medicinal plants on the asexual blood stage of chloroquine resistant Plasmodium falciparum

Antiplasmodial level Plant species Parts Extracts
Good EC50 = 0.1-1.0 μg/ml A. muricata Leaves DCM, MeOH, H2O
  B. javanica Green seeds MeOH
   Roots DCM, MeOH
   Leaves DCM
  E. scaber Leaves MeOH
  M. elliptica Leaves H2O
  C. iners Leaves H2O, MeOH
Good to moderate EC50 = 1.1- 10 μg/ml V. amygdalina Leaves DCM, MeOH and H2O
  A. galanga Rhizomes DCM, MeOH and H2O
  T. catappa Leaves DCM, MeOH and H2O
  C. mangga Rhizomes DCM, MeOH and H2O
  C. aeruginosa Rhizomes DCM, MeOH and H2O
  C. zedoaria Rhizomes DCM
  E. scaber Leaves DCM
  B. javanica Leaves MeOH and H2O
   Roots H2O
   Green seeds H2O
   Black seeds MeOH and H2O
  C. iners Leaves DCM
  V. neguno Leaves DCM and MeOH
  M. elliptica Leaves DCM and MeOH
  C. phaeocaulis Rhizomes DCM and MeOH
Weak EC50 = 11-25 μg/ml C. phaeocaulis Rhizomes H2O
  B. javanica Green seeds DCM
   Black seeds DCM
  L. indica Leaves DCM, MeOH and H2O
  C. zedoaria Rhizomes MeOH and H2O
  V. negundo Leaves H2O
  E. scaber Leaves H2O
   Roots DCM, MeOH and H2O
  1. The level of efficacy of extracts were ranked according EC50 values which based on the threshold for in vitro antiplasmodial activity proposed by Rasoanaivo et al. [41]. Forty one extracts from 13 plant species were categorized to have good and good to moderate antiplasmodial level.