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Table 4 Mean pre- and post-IM therapy pain and anxiety scores by circulatory system disease and therapy type a

From: The effectiveness of integrative medicine interventions on pain and anxiety in cardiovascular inpatients: a practice-based research evaluation

Circulatory system disease   Any Arteries, Arterioles & Capillaries Cerebrovascular Hypertension Ischemic heart disease Pulmonary circulation Other
Any treatment No. Pain Obs 5,981 454 713 3,702 1,122 574 3,180
  % Decrease in Pain 46.5 46.8 49.5 45.2 47.6 49.2 48.2
  SE 0.5 1.7 1.4 0.6 1.1 1.5 0.6
  No. Anxiety Obs 3,109 227 293 1,663 696 370 1,871
  % Decrease in Anxiety 54.8 53.1 55.0 53.2 53.0 52.9 55.2
  SE 0.6 2.2 1.8 0.8 1.2 1.6 0.7
BW No. Pain Obs 2,761 212 395 1,644 532 303 1,580
  % Decrease in Pain 46.6 45.4 50.7 44.9 48.1 49.6 48.6
  SE 0.6 2.4 1.7 0.8 1.5 2.0 0.8
  No. Anxiety Obs 1,454 103 155 779 305 195 900
  % Decrease in Anxiety 51.7 48.1 51.5 50.0 49.0 52.0 53.1
  SE 0.8 3.2 2.4 1.1 1.8 2.1 1.0
MBE No. Pain Obs 318 26 25 173 49 32 173
  % Decrease in Pain 41.8 54.6 44.0 41.2 41.3 43.9 42.3
  SE 2.3 8.2 7.8 2.9 8.8 6.6 2.5
  No. Anxiety Obs 290 16 28 141 57 25 167
  % Decrease in Anxiety 57.0 67.3 62.7 55.3 59.8 55.7 56.0
  SE 1.8 7.0 4.2 2.6 4.5 6.1 2.3
TCM No. Pain Obs 1,248 63 122 932 154 64 490
  % Decrease in Pain 48.4 46.3 53.0 47.1 44.6 59.7 51.9
  SE 1.3 4.9 3.6 1.5 3.6 4.9 1.8
  No. Anxiety Obs 200 8 15 120 22 15 105
  % Decrease in Anxiety 71.5 72.9 88.7 68.5 72.5 69.2 67.3
  SE 2.6 10.5 5.2 3.8 6.7 8.4 4.0
Combination No. Pain Obs 1,654 153 171 953 387 175 937
  % Decrease in Pain 45.7 47.6 45.0 44.4 48.8 45.5 46.8
  SE 0.9 2.8 3.1 1.1 1.9 2.6 1.2
  No. Anxiety Obs 1,165 100 95 623 312 135 699
  % Decrease in Anxiety 55.3 54.3 53.2 53.8 54.2 51.8 55.9
  SE 0.9 3.3 3.3 1.3 1.8 2.7 1.2
  1. aBW indicates bodywork; MBE, mind-body and energy therapies; TCM, traditional Chinese medicine; SE, standard error. All results statistically significant (p < 0.001).