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Table 1 Abbott Northwestern cardiovascular inpatient characteristics (n = 57,295) a

From: The effectiveness of integrative medicine interventions on pain and anxiety in cardiovascular inpatients: a practice-based research evaluation

  No IM Therapy IM Therapy p-valueb
  (n = 50,706) (n = 6,589)
Age (years ± SD) 67.8 ± 15.4 63.5 ± 14.8 <0.001
Sex (%)    
  Female 23,649 (46.6) 4,076 (61.9) <0.001
  Male 27,057 (53.4) 2,513 (38.1) <0.001
Race (%)    
  White 45,285 (89.3) 6,058 (91.9) <0.001
  African American 3,550 (7.0) 327 (5.0) <0.001
  Asian 945 (1.9) 106 (1.6) 0.147
  Other 926 (1.8) 98 (1.5) 0.051
Marital Status (%)    
  Married 26,475 (52.2) 3,572 (54.2) 0.002
  Widow 9,821 (19.4) 977 (14.8) <0.001
  Divorced 4,865 (9.6) 723 (11.0) <0.001
  Single 9,545 (18.8) 1,317 (20.0) 0.023
Circulatory System Disease (%)    
  Arteries, Arterioles & Capillaries 4,379 (8.6) 427 (6.5) <0.001
  Cerebrovascular 5,994 (11.8) 863 (13.1) 0.003
  Hypertension 28,556 (56.3) 4,207 (63.8) <0.001
  Ischemic Heart Disease 15,016 (29.6) 1,278 (19.4) <0.001
  Pulmonary Circulation 2,408 (4.7) 481 (7.3) <0.001
  Other 23,485 (46.3) 3,365 (51.1) <0.001
APR-DRG Severity (%)    
  Minor 7,926 (15.6) 497 (7.5) <0.001
  Moderate 19,179 (37.8) 1,928 (29.3) <0.001
  Major 18,049 (35.6) 2,745 (41.7) <0.001
  Extreme 5,552 (10.9) 1,419 (21.5) <0.001
Health Insurance (%)    
  Commercial 15,084 (29.7) 2,368 (35.9) <0.001
  Medicare 26,492 (52.2) 3,045 (46.2) <0.001
  Medicaid 7,951 (15.7) 1,009 (15.3) 0.440
  Other 1,179 (2.3) 167 (2.5) 0.291
  1. aTotal n refers to number of hospital admissions and not individual patients.
  2. bP-value calculated from two-tailed t-test comparing no IM therapy and IM therapy, adjusted for equal or unequal variances as appropriate.