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Table 4 Susceptibility test of propolis- based chitosan varnish against oral pathogens microorganisms

From: Propolis - based chitosan varnish: drug delivery, controlled release and antimicrobial activity against oral pathogen bacteria

Microorganism Inhibition zones (M ± SD) = mm
  PCV CHV EPE NYS CHL
  5% 10% 15%     
S. mutans 20.3 ± 0.51 20.2 ± 0.88 21.0 ± 0.00 10.4 ± 0.22 22.6 ± 0.66 - 19.0 ± 0.00
S. sanguinis 21.5 ± 0.25 21.5 ± 0.25 22.3 ± 1.18 10.5 ± 0.25 21.3 ± 0.31 - 19.0 ± 0.00
S. salivarius 20.5 ± 0.33 20.5 ± 0.33 21.5 ± 0.50 8.30 ± 0.33 20.5 ± 0,55 - 18.5 ± 0,55
L. casei 19.3 ± 0.25 19.3 ± 0.25 21.3 ± 0.71 9.50 ± 0.55 16.0 ± 0.00 - 17.3 ± 0.33
P. intermedia 26.3 ± 1.03 23.3 ± 1.13 24.0 ± 0.00 10.6 ± 0.22 17.0 ± 0.00 - 20.3 ± 0.53
P. gingivalis 13.0 ± 0.00 11.6 ± 0,23 8.30 ± 0.33 11.5 ± 0.85 14.3 ± 1.13 - 13.3 ± 0,73
F. nucleatum 26.5 ± 0.75 22.0 ± 0.00 24.5 ± 0.25 11.0 ± 0.00 18.5 ± 1.25 - 20.0 ± 0.00
A.actinomycetemcomitans 11.6 ± 0.54 12.6 ± 0.22 11.6 ± 0.33 9.30 ± 0.33 13.0 ± 0.00 - 12.3 ± 0,52
C. albicans 20.5 ± 0.23 20.5 ± 0.23 21.3 ± 0.33 9,50 ± 0.55 16.3 ± 0.52 17.0 ± 0.00 -
C. dubliniensis 24.6 ± 0.37 23.3 ± 0,82 23.3 ± 0.55 14.0 ± 0.00 16.6 ± 0.13 18.0 ± 0.00 -
C. lusitaniae 20.3 ± 0.25 20.3 ± 0.25 20.3 ± 0.31 13.0 ± 0.00 16.0 ± 0.00 19.0 ± 0.00 -
  1. Abbreviations: PCV propolis-based chitosan varnish, CHV chitosan varnish, EPE ethanol propolis extract, CHL chlorhexidine 0.12%, NYS nystatin.
  2. Inhibition zones Media and Standard Deviation (M ± SD) of three experiments.