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Table 3 Casting times (in minutes) of Propolis varnishes containing 15%, 10% and 5% of Propolis (PCV 15%, PCV 10% and PCV 5%, respectively) and blank varnish (BCV), after application of 50 μL of the formulation on incisive tooth surface*

From: Propolis - based chitosan varnish: drug delivery, controlled release and antimicrobial activity against oral pathogen bacteria

Formulation PCV 15% PCV 10% PCV 5% BCV
Natural casting time 44.50 ± 0.35a 40.84 ± 1.03a 37.20 ± 2.67a 31.46 ± 0.22a
Compressed air helped casting time 5.63 ± 0.18b 4.32 ± 0.17b 3.89 ± 0.18b 2.62 ± 0.40b
  1. *Different letters in the same columns means statistically significant different values.
  2. Media and Standard Deviation (M ± SD) of three experiments. Unpaired Student’s t-test. p values less than 0.05 were considered significant.