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Table 4 Reasons why patients decided to use or stop using HDS at the end point (n = 357)

From: Reasons why Thai patients with chronic kidney disease use or do not use herbal and dietary supplements

Reasons Frequency (%)
Continuing to use HDS (n = 123)
 Gaining benefit from using HDS 73 (59)
 Expecting to gain benefit 32 (26)
 To supplement their diet 8 (6)
 Their family members or friends provided HDS 6 (5)
 Recommended by their doctor 2 (2)
 Used to take it 1 (1)
 HDS is safe 1 (1)
Stopping HDS use (n = 43)
 Recommended by their doctor 10 (23)
 Having adverse effects from using HDS 8 (19)
 Their minor ailments relieved 8 (19)
 Do not want to use 5 (11)
 Experience with no benefit from using HDS 3 (7)
 Concern about adverse effects on kidneys 3 (7)
 Cannot afford or not available 3 (7)
 Receiving dialysis or their disease worsened 2 (5)
 Taking high numbers of conventional medicines 1 (2)
Starting to use HDS (n = 17)
 Expecting to gain benefit 11 (65)
 Their family members or friends provided HDS 3 (18)
 Their disease worsened 1 (6)
 No reason given 2 (12)