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Table 3 Reasons for HDS use from both quantitative and qualitative studies at baseline

From: Reasons why Thai patients with chronic kidney disease use or do not use herbal and dietary supplements

Quantitative results (n = 166) Qualitative results (n = 16)
Question Frequency (%)  
Reasons why HDS used (n = 271)*
 Family/friend’s recommendation 95 (35) Influenced by their social network who were health care professionals or teachers (n = 9)
 HDS will work 65 (24) Perception of their benefits
 Willing to try anything that helps 53 (20) (n = 11)
 Prefer to use HDS 26 (10) Health care needs (n = 7)
Willing to try (n = 4)
Intention to use (n = 2)
 Health care provider’s recommendation 17 (6) No mention
 Safer than CM or no adverse effects from using HDS, compared with CM 8 (3) Perception of their safety (n = 5)
Their characteristics
No or little side effects
Safer than CM
Had experiences or concerns about adverse effects of CM (n = 2)
 Easy access 4 (2) No mention
 Recommended by traditional practitioners or HDS sellers 2 (< 1) Their family recommended and then consulting Chinese herbal medicine practitioners (n = 1)
 Recommended by fellow patients 1 (< 1) Influenced by their social network (n = 9)
Information sources (n = 188)*
 Family and friends 100 (53) Influenced by their social network (n = 9)
 TV, radio, internet, leaflets, books or scientific evidence 59 (31) Influenced by the media (n = 9)
 Practitioners 18 (10) No mention
 HDS sellers 6 (3) No mention
 Own knowledge of HDS 4 (2) No mention
 Another patient with CKD 1 (1) No mention
  1. *Participants were able to report more than one reason or information source, so these total more than 166.
  2. CM = Conventional medicine.