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Table 4 Type of CAM use and perceived helpfulness by CAM users during chemotherapy

From: Prayer-for-health and complementary alternative medicine use among Malaysian breast cancer patients during chemotherapy

Type of CAM N Perceived helpfulness
   Not helpful Neither Helpful
   n (%)
Prayer-for-health 310 1 (0.3) 12 (3.9) 297 (95.9)
Mind-Body Practices N = 183     
Relaxation exercise 67 - 10 (14.9) 57 (85.1)
Massage 60 - 7 (11.7) 53 (88.3)
Meditation 52 2 (3.8) 6 (11.5) 44 (84.6)
Tai Chi 33 - - 33 (100)
Yoga 29 - 3 (10.3) 26 (89.6)
Therapeutic/healing touch 24 2 (8.3) 8 (33.3) 14 (58.3)
Aromatherapy 17 - 1 (5.9) 16 (94.1)
Reiki 15 - 5 (33.3) 10 (66.7)
Cupping/bekam 4 - - 4 (100)
Acupuncture 4 - 2 (50.0) 2 (50)
Natural Products N = 299     
Vitamin & mineral supplement 168 4 (2.4) 32 (19.0) 132 (78.6)
Cleansing detoxifying diet 68 6 (8.8) 13 (19.1) 49 (72.0)
Antioxidant capsule/tablet 61 4 (6.6) 20 (32.8) 37 (60.6)
Cactus juice† 47 - 15 (31.9) 32 (68.1)
Spirulina 43 3 (7.0) 10 (23.3) 30 (69.7)
Protein powder† 28 - 6 (21.4) 22 (78.6)
Herb 25 2 (8.0) 4 (16.0) 19 (76.0)
Royal jelly 20 4 (20.0) 5 (25.0) 11 (55.0)
Chlorella 17 - 9 (52.9) 8 (47.0)
Immune Booster† 17 - 6 (35.3) 11 (64.7)
Lingzhi 16 - 2 (12.5) 14 (88.0)
Bird nest 16 6 (37.5) 9 (56.2) 1 (6.2)
Ginseng 14 - - 14 (88.0)
Grape seed extract† 14 - 2 (14.3) 12 (85.7)
Mangosteen juice† 13 - 6 (46.2) 7 (53.8)
Porcupine date† 11 - 8 (72.7) 3 (27.3)
Noni juice† 10 - 4 (40.0) 6 (60.6)
Aloe vera† 10 - 4 (40.0) 6 (60.0)
Shark cartilage 7 - - 7 (100.0)
Enzyme† 6 - 2 (33.3) 4 (66.7)
Jamu 1 - - 1 (100.0)
Traditional Medicine N = 129     
Traditional Malay/indigenous medicine 96 8 (8.3) 12 (12.5) 76 (79.2)
Traditional Chinese medicine 24 - 5 (20.8) 19 (79.1)
Homeopathy 11 - 4 7 (63.6)
  1. †Additional NPs via open-ended questions.